amur falcon conservation
December 5, 2020
The shocking news of mass killing of Amur Falcons – each weighing under 200 gms – in the north eastern State of Nagaland was first revealed in October 2012 by Conservation India. Thus, this stoppage is highly important for the birds as they then fly non-stop for more than six days to cross Arabian sea. The Amur falcon has a large range with a stable population and is noteworthy for undertaking one of the most arduous annual migrations of any bird of prey. The wide breeding range and large population size of the Amur falcon have led to the species being assessed as being of least concern. The Amur falcon has become a mascot of conservation for the Nagas. The kick stage can place the payload in LEO orbit from a wide range of altitude and orbit inclination. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. In the years following, the villagers themselves have adopted measures to punish hunting and to protect the birds’ habitat. A major conservation drive to prevent the entrapment and massacre of Amur falcon in Nagaland has resulted in a spectacular turnaround. Route maps which trace the journeys of the Amur Falcons. Credit: Lemsachenlok Society. On 4 November 2013, an expedition comprising of Dr. Kumar, Mr. Williams, two Hungarian experts, and two local forest officers set out to do just that. To celebrate the conservation story, the Nagaland government held an Amur Falcon Conservation Week and Festival earlier this month in Wokha district, 400 kilometers (250 miles) east of Gauhati. In Tamenglong district of Manipur, some of the locals believe that these were sacred birds. Chief Wildlife Warden Dr AK Joshi, who was also present, said conservation of the Amur Falcons not only preserve the natural ecosystem but also benefits the farmers of Tamenglong. In September 2013, Dr. Kumar was visiting the UAE capital to discuss another raptor, the Saker Falcon, as part of a global initiative, coordinated by the Abu Dhabi Office of the UN’s Convention on Migratory Species. "In a world where conservation problems usually go from bad to worse, the campaign to save the Amur falcon serves as a beacon of hope. The next … During the day, the falcons (right) rest and feed on grasshoppers, as they need to fortify themselves for the arduous, nonstop journey across the Arabian Sea into Africa. However, in 2019 people in some villages in the area took the initiative to pass resolutions imposing fines on hunters and banning the cutting of trees. They discovered a colony impressive in size. Furthermore, the data collected over the last six years has given the scientists involved in the project a very clear understanding of the Amur Falcons’ migratory routes, as well as an answer to the question why the birds converge in such great numbers in Nagaland, Manipur and other mountainous parts of Northeastern India. Originating from Mongolia, Northeastern China and the Russian Far East, the birds fly over Asia and the Indian Ocean in order to reach their wintering grounds in Souther Africa (e.g. Migratory Amur Falcons Return to Roost in the Naga Hills Hunting of these raptors have seen a sharp decline in Northeast India due to sustained conservation efforts. Cheers! Meanwhile, the project to tag falcons also helped the conservation efforts. This is a comprehensive campaign to protect the Amur Falcons that migrate through Nagaland every winter and will include nature education, creation of Amur Falcon EcoClubs, patrolling and enforcement, as well as scientific study of the birds. The Amur Falcon dance festivals held in that state are the first of their kind. An innovative long-term community outreach campaign has also been initiated that has been received very well locally. Robust conservation has been put in place with the funds raised and actions taken to ensure the prevention of illegal hunting of Amur Falcons this year have been completely successful. On the 27th of August this year the "Friends of the Amur Falcon" campaign was launched . Tel. Dimapur, Nov. 3 (EMN): Multitude of Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) are reported to have returned to its favoured roosting site at the Yaongyimchen Community Biodiversity Conservation area in Longleng district. Awangbow Newmai, Environment and Climate Change minister stated that: “The successful return of two satellite-tagged Amur Falcons has put Manipur on the global map of wildlife conservation efforts […] the state has shown the effort to protect and provide safe bases to the migratory bird Amur Falcons.”. Mathur, former Director Wildlife Institute of India in recognition of the efforts to protect Amur Falcons. It was discovered that Amur Falcons were being illegally harvested for consumption and sale in markets by the local population who had lost their agricultural land due to a dam development. He reminded that Amur Falcon is protected under both the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and is included in the Schedule IV of the Act and India is a signatory to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), it is mandatory to provide them safe passage and ensure their protection and conservation … In 2012, mass trapping and capture of migrating Amur falcons in Nagaland (India) … This is a remarkable achievement, as the success story of the Amur Falcons not only leads to better protection and safe passage during the bird’s migration, but also puts the basis for other conservation efforts to be carried out for endangered animals and other migratory birds alike (e.g. It was reported that the falcons called as “Tuma Loih” in the local dialect of Yaongyimchen started arriving in batches since October second week. (+49 228) 815 2449, Review Mechanism & National Legislation Programme, Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions & Reservations, From Prey to Protected Species: How the Tide Turned for the Amur Falcon. “Even people who are educated cannot connect the geography because there is no visual element,” said Dr. Kumar. Promoting mountain biking (cycling) with the Mount MorashenDownhill MTB Challenge. These birds who weigh less than 200g fly over 2,000 miles non-stop over the Arabian Sea. “The emergence of termites perfectly coincides with the arrival of the falcons, it is all so beautifully interlinked,” said Dr. Kumar. Longleng’s migratory route from Northern China to the East coast of Africa as of 26 August 2020 © Suresh Kumar, The maps of the birds’ subsequent journeys generated excitement and captured the imagination of the local people. (+49 228) 815 2449, Contact, This site is maintained by the CMS Secretariat © 2020, CMS Secretariat, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, 53113 Bonn, Germany. The Amur Falcon conservation project was launched in Nagaland in 2013 and extended to Manipur three years later. Courtesy of Manipur Amur Falcon Tracking Project. Satellite-tracked Amur Falcons return successfully to the Tamenglong district in Manipur, leading to further protection and conservation efforts for migratory birds and endangered species alike. (+49 228) 815 2401, Fax. In other areas, local people volunteered to patrol known Amur Falcon sites during the birds’ annual visit to protect the species. In spite of the Amur Falcons being a protected species under both the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and the Convention of Migratory Species (CMS), a large number of falcons are poached for consumption or trade every year on their path to Southern Africa. For the last two years, the Amur Falcon conservation efforts in Pangti and Sungro villages in Wokha district of Nagaland have passed off successfully in a remarkable conservation turnaround. +2. The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, is an environmental treaty of the United Nations that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory animals and their habitats. Amur Falcon Conservation Week, the first ever. Sinha raises the importance of passionate, yet respectful conservation practices in India. With the beginning of winter Amur Falcons (Falco Amurensis) flock in large numbers across northeast India, which acts as a stop-over ground in the bird’s annual migration path. In 2012, the Amur Falcon was targeted at such mass scale in the State of Nagaland, it set off a massive outcry among environmentalists across the world. The generated excitement prompted villagers from other areas in the state to alert the scientist about additional large colonies. The Manipur satellite tracking programme of the Amur Falcons started in 2013, and a total of 15 birds have been tagged to this date. Single-stage guided suborbital launch vehicle. By 2013, authorities, religious leaders and youth groups had stepped in to persuade local people to provide safe passage to the birds, which spend a month in the area, normally in October - November, before continuing their migration from Siberia, China and Mongolia onto the southern parts of Africa. The story may have started in the Nagaland State of India, where large colonies of the birds were discovered, but it does have a link to the United Arab Emirates, said Dr. Suresh Kumar, one of the key researchers and main champions of the Amur Falcon in India. The Amur Falcons spend around three to four weeks in India. See All. In 2019 five more birds were tagged again in Manipur. Every year hundreds of thousands of Amur Falcons, a small-sized raptor, the size of a pigeon, make the incredible transcontinental journey from their summer breeding grounds in Southeast Russia and Northeast China to their wintering abode in Southern Africa. I was so inspired by this story that I … The combination of reddish-orange eyering, cere, and feet distinguishes them from all other falcons. The Amur Falcon conservation program is to help stop the killings from 2013 through high-level support, patrolling & enforcement, community engagement and an extensive nature education program. In 2013 and … (Source: AP) Jennithing Shitiri, chairman of Pangti village in Wokha, says the falcons would start arriving mid-October and leave by November-end. The sky filled with Amur Falcons congregating in Nagaland © Nick P. Williams. What is more, the Pangti village turned from a terrifying Amur Falcon hunting ground to a safe haven with zero mortality for the bird. The mass hunting urged the local governments to take immediate actions, and to that end they have banned the killing of the Amur Falcon. These small raptors of the Falcon family prey on small insects and pests which destroy vegetables and crops. During their migration from their breeding area to the winter quarters, they are plump and are hunted for food in parts of northeastern India as well as in eastern Africa. Two-stage supersonic rocket powered by solid rocket motors. The flocking behaviour during migration and the density at which they occur, however, expose them to hunting and other threats. “They started getting emotionally attached to the birds.”. BNHS is also supporting natural history outreach and advocacy in Manipur through the Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN). CMS Office – Abu Dhabi is the only regional hub for the Convention outside its headquarters in Germany and is fully hosted by Environment Agency — Abu Dhabi on behalf of the Government of the United Arab Emirates. She said, “The Amur falcon, a raptor which migrates from Russia and China to spend its winter in South Africa, makes a stopover in Nagaland.In the past, up to 14,000 Amur … For filmmaker Sesino Yhoshu, watching tens and thousands of Amur falcons ( Falco amurensis ) roost by the Doyang reservoir in a remote corner of Nagaland was an awe-inspiring moment. This sums up to an estimated journey of 20,000-30,000 kilometres per year, making the Amur Falcon the world’s longest travelling migratory bird. One of the objectives of the scientists was to find out whether there were other sites where Amur Falcons were flocking in similarly large numbers. Photos: Seshadri KS Amur Falcons (Falco … The abundance of termites in September and October makes the area a preferred refueling site for the birds before they continue their flight across the Arabian Sea to the African continent. In the autumn of 2016, five more birds were fitted with satellite tags with the funds provided by the Indian Government. The females are duller gray above, and their white underparts are well marked with dark chevrons. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. Learn more, In Memoriam : Bradnee Chambers (1966-2019), Vacancies in the CMS FamilyVacancies in Other OrganizationsInformation about job openings. South Africa, Zambia, Botswana). “How do you expect to tell this to the local communities who do not know anything beyond their village or beyond that mountain range.”. Be there and encourage the local communities in their effort towards conservation. What is more, the Pangti village turned from a terrifying Amur Falcon hunting ground to a safe haven with zero mortality for the bird. By Sadiq Naqvi October 31, 2020 Animals File photo of Irang, the satellite tagged Amur Falcon, which recently arrived in Puching Village of Manipur’s Tamenglong District. Amur Falcon Conservation During the 2012 winter passage migration of Amur Falcons, this team discovered a large-scale slaughter of Amur Falcons near the Doyang Reservoir in Wokha district in Nagaland state, India. The falcons received their names after places and rivers within the Tamenglong district in Manipur: Chiuluan, Puching, Phalong, Irang and Barak. This project has raised international awareness and has shown how one small bird connects countries along its migratory pathway and can inspire action along the way. Two-stage hybrid suborbital launch vehicle. In turn, the termites are dependent on the annual monsoon, which brings a lot of rain and humidity in this part of India. “In this whole process, people were learning about the geography where these birds were passing through,” he said. Understanding the Amur Falcon’s migratory routes and engaging local communities to be actively involved in their conservation, are both critical to ensure the long-term survival of this species, especially in the context of climate change and habitat destruction. Three birds were tagged, while a further 27 were fitted with metal and plastic leg-rings. They believed that whenever they arrived in large numbers, it would portend a good harvest. The first three birds satellite-tagged in Nagaland’s Pangti village in Wokha district in 2013 had local names—Naga, Pangti and Wokha. Satellite monitoring is of outermost value when it comes to studying and understanding any type of migration pattern, which in turn is of extreme importance for successful conservation actions and the development of conservation management strategies. Previous reports have stated that in the Pangti village in Wokha district of Nagaland, nearly 15,000 were hunted each day in 2012. Over the three years that the transmitters were working and submitting coordinates, Dr. Kumar kept the media and community leaders informed. A second falcon, Chiuluan, has followed Irang and returned the next day. Thus, Nagaland is also known as the “Falcon Capital of the World,”. It will really aim to showcase wildlife conservation, while at the same time spreading awareness regarding these creatures and the Doyang region. During the meeting, Dr. Kumar reached out to Nick P. Williams, Head of the Coordinating Unit of the Raptors MOU, an agreement to protect endangered raptors under the auspices of CMS. 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