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amur falcon migration duration

The flocking behaviour during migration and the density at which they occur, however, expose them to hunting and other threats. The Amur Falcon has one of the longest raptor migrations, but is also unique because it supposedly flies a long distance over the sea. In 2013, no falcons were trapped. (+49 228) 815 2454, Fax. Satellite-tagged Amur Falcons fly 30,000 km. Naga started his return migration on March 21 from Botswana, while Pangti started on April 3 from South Africa and within a span of 16 and 20 days both the birds arrived in Somalia. Amur falcons, the world’s longest travelling raptors start travelling with the onset of winters. The Amur Falcon is a fascinating migratory raptor. Every year, huge flocks of them fly south, from North China, Siberia and Russia (where they breed) to southern Africa for the winter. Naga, Pangati and Wokha. Witness the spectacular migration of Amur Falcons in Nagaland as they arrive end of October till early November in thousands from Sibera & northern China before taking off for Africa. Migrates west through India and across the Arabian Sea to Southern Africa. Every year, the small, resilient birds make the daring voyage from breeding grounds in Russia and China to winter in southern Africa. A case for protecting the Amur falcon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amur_falcon&oldid=963726860, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 June 2020, at 13:03. [17] As part of this campaign, three birds were fitted with 5 gm satellite transmitters that allowed them to be tracked during their migration.[18]. In 10 days spanning the peak migration season, this amounted to a staggering 120,000 to 140,000 Amur falcons slaughtered around the Doyang reservoir alone. The Amur Falcon exemplifies the threat of illegal trapping and killing during migration, which harms countless bird species each year. Every year thousands of Amur falcons descend upon this remote corner of Nagaland. Amur Falcons migrate from breeding grounds in eastern Asia to wintering grounds in southern Africa. Amur falcons, capable of flying the longest distances in one go, have begun to arrive in Manipur’s Tamenglong district following their routine annual migration course, officials said on Thursday. In 2012 an estimated 120,000 to 140,000 birds were trapped in nets and killed while passing through a remote part of the Indian Nagaland region. Migration trail The long distance trans-equitorial migrant species sets out for the lengthy flight from north-eastern Siberia. This stage of their migration is the most amazing for me; an Amur Falcon will leave the east coast of Africa and fly non-stop, covering almost 3000km over the Indian Ocean in roughly 60 hours. (+49 228) 815 2450 |. Nonetheless, it is the red-footed falcon's closest relative; their relationship to other falcons is more enigmatic. Migration and Poaching . The … Because of the long journey, stopover sites are important for Amur Falcons to maintain stamina. It is supposed that the falcons cross the Arabian Sea during their migration, but much is still unknown about the patterns of their estimated 22,000 km migration. [12] Their migration over the Arabian Sea coincides with the timing of the migration of dragonflies (Pantala flavescens) and these are thought to provide food during the most arduous part of their migration route. [3][4][5], The genus name Falco is Late Latin and derives from falx, falcis, a sickle, referencing the claws of the bird. Besides this, the birds are prone to habitat loss from agricultural practices and land reclamation. The Amur Falcon’s arrival has sparked excitement and joy within these communities, who not long ago, were hunting the species. He said they were captured and tagged on October 1, 2019, at Puching village, some 100 km from the state capital Imphal, in Tamenglong district. Birds going over India are thought to be aided by strong winds blowing westward. Because of its tendency to wander long distances over the ocean while migrating, this falcon has been found in locations far outside its normal range, such as in Italy, Sweden, Tristan da Cunha, St. Helena and the United Kingdom. Their migration to Africa coincides with the time when due to rains swarm of insects will be everywhere, making South Africa a great feeding ground. The Amur falcon is protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The average speed One of the birds, a female named Irang, flew more than 29,000 km while the other, a male called Chiulon, … [9] The route taken to return to their breeding grounds runs slightly more northward. Two satellite-tagged Amur Falcons have been tracked on their migration route, clocking up some 29,000 km in the process. ... Harney county bird migration - Duration: 3:25. Along the way, they fly 2,400 miles across the Indian Ocean. It is believed to be possibly the biggest falcon roosts in the world. It is supposed that the falcons cross the Arabian Sea during their migration, but much is still unknown about the patterns of their estimated 22,000 km migration. Another satellite-tagged female Amur falcon named ‘Longleng’ released on October 30, 2016 from Nagaland, has been sending messages at regular intervals even now. Chiulan is a male Amur that arrived in Somalia yesterday and Irang is a female Amur and may have also arrived in Somalia now," Suresh Kumar, one of the key researchers, told IANS on Tuesday. ... it’s relatively lightly populated and every year millions of Amur Falcons gather there on their migration. Sheltered by hills that are steep and surrounded by water, the falcons roost here for about a month, foraging on insects, and building their body mass so they can fly across the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean into Africa. These winds are strong at an altitude of about 3000m and the birds are thought to fly at a height of above 1000m during migration. Amur falcon feeding mechanism : The Amur falcons feed mostly on insects, mainly mid-air. The story of the incredible Amur Falcon migration stopover in Nagaland, India, broke to international news in 2012. At just 150 grams, an Amur falcon, Falco amurensis is a small bird, the male mostly grey in colour, and the females having dark-streaked cream or orange underparts. The breeding season is May to June and several pairs may nest close together. New Delhi: Flying thousands of kilometres from their breeding grounds in northern China and eastern Mongolia, nearly a million Amur falcons, a small grey bird of prey, regularly descend across northeast India for nearly a month in October to feed and rest before continuing their journey to southern Africa. Every year, the small, resilient birds make the daring voyage from breeding grounds in Russia and China to winter in southern Africa. Amur Falcons are a little bit a little bit smaller, excuse me a little bit bigger than an American Kestrel. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. [6] The species name amurensis is from Amurland in south-eastern Siberia. Feeds on dragonflies that follow a similar migration path over Arabian Sea. Only international cooperation from organizations and governments working together will help preserve these species as they become increasingly vulnerable. Be a part of this amazing conservation story. 22,000 km journey (longest sea crossing of any raptor), Flyway: East-Asian Australasian and African Eurasian, Population of more than 1,000,000 breeding individuals. NEW FLYER - English  French  Spanish  NEW QUIZ - English  French  Spanish. [8][2], The Amur falcon feeds mainly late in the evening or early in the morning capturing a wide range of insects in the air or on the ground. the Amur Falcon has one of the longest migration routes of any ... between 2,364 and 3,138km, the duration of migration between 44 - 80 hours (up to more than three days). This prompted a swift response from the Indian Government and the Nagaland Forest Department, which used patrols and education initiatives for villagers as a means to halt trapping. The young birds leave the nest after about a month. The wings are long as in most falcons (with a span of 63–71 cm) and at rest the wing tip reaches or extends just beyond the tail-tip.[2]. [13][14], During migration they stay in open forest or grasslands, roosting colonially on exposed perches or wires. [8] Their breeding habitat is open wooded country with marshes. ; The raptors breed in southeastern Siberia and northern China, and migrate in millions across India and then over the Indian Ocean to southern Africa before returning to Mongolia and Siberia. It breeds in south-eastern Siberia and Northern China before migrating in large flocks across India and over the Arabian Sea to winter in Southern Africa, Males are characteristically dark sooty grey above with rufous thighs and vent. They returned to the same spot where they had arrived on their south-bound autumn passage. It was believed that they flew mostly over land during their return journey, but data from Bernd has shown that they fly a distance 2,500 to 3,100km over the sea in spring and do this by flying non-stop for between 2 and 3 days. In flight, the wing lining is white, contrasting with the dark wing feathers. They capture most of their prey in flight, sometimes by hovering, but will also pick prey by alighting on the ground. Map courtesy of IUCN, BirdLife International and the Handbook of Birds of the World 2016, This site is maintained by the UNEP/CMS Secretariat and UNEP/AEWA Secretariat © 2006 - 2019     Disclaimer | Impressum The Amur Falcons are birds of prey, about 28-31cm and weigh around 100 grams. [15], The wide breeding range and large population size of the Amur falcon have led to the species being assessed as being of least concern. During their migration, they stop to rest and feed in parts of northeast India. It was a jaw-dropping tale, with reports of over 100,000 birds seen at a time at the newly created Doyang Reservoir. The Amur falcon has a large range with a stable population and is noteworthy for undertaking one of the most arduous annual migrations of any bird of prey. Amur falcons are known to have among the longest migration routes, covering 22,000km. To fuel up for their big open-water crossing, Amur Falcons stop over in Nagaland to feast on a seasonal eruption of trillions of termites from their underground colonies. ", "Louse (Insecta: Phthiraptera) infestations of the Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) and the Red-footed Falcon", "Safe Passage For Amur Falcons Through India", How to make 2.5 billion termites disappear? [7], The Amur falcon breeds in east Asia from the Transbaikalia, Amurland, and northern Mongolian region to parts of North Korea. Adult males of the closely related red-footed falcon have a dark grey wing lining. 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