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arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis

Trichome diameter ∼12 μm. Spirulina poeder (Arthrospira platensis) Zuiverste en krachtigste spirulina-alg poeder. This cyanobacterium is the most cultivated photosynthetic prokaryote, since its biomass is widely used as a health food, feed supplement, and as a source of fine chemicals. It’s considered to be a superfood because of its high concentration of nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. Arthrospira platensis, also known as Spirulina, is a gram negative, non-toxic species of cyanobacteria with a wide array of uses in the natural and commercial world. When the protein was spread at the air/aqueous interface, it was seen that the pressure area isotherm somewhat resembles those recorded for lipids, with a higher collapse pressure than is usually observed for proteins (Fig. 14.8). In a similar trend, other bioactive components from S. platensis were explored due to anti-HSV activity. The growth medium contains inorganic salts with a high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080454054008302, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124095489093738, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123971531000111, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124080621000111, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128114056000037, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845697587500149, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128007761000194, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128146675000118, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X010877, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124157590000388, Mass Cultivation of Freshwater Microalgae, Mass Cultivation of Freshwater Microalgae☆, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Dietary Supplements, Immune Modulation, and Diabetes Control, Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, Spolaore, Joannis-Cassan, Duran, & Isambert, 2006, Microalgae in Health and Disease Prevention, Nutritional and Pharmaceutical Properties of Microalgal Spirulina, Environmental and Technological Stresses and Their Management in Cyanobacteria, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), Safety Assessment including Current and Emerging Issues in Toxicologic Pathology, Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology (Third Edition). UK Taylor & Francis Ltd, 1 Gunpowder Square, London EC4A 3DE USA Taylor & Francis Inc., 1900 Frost Road, Suite 101, Bristol, PA 19007 Pigs and dogs are extremely sensitive to oral exposure. Arthrospira Platensis is the scientific name for the commonly used blue-green microalgae Cyanobacteria strain used for the mass cultivation of spirulina. Spirulina is een voedingssupplement, vervaardigd uit de blauwgroene spiraalvormige cyanobacteriën Arthrospira platensis en/of Arthrospira maxima; organismen met een voorkeur voor een alkalisch milieu. The recovery of microalgal biomass after production is rather difficult, particularly in large-area lakes, or when low concentrations occur. Changes in phycobilins, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids content, as well as in the activity of antioxidant enzymes in cyanobacteria under stress conditions are presented. Adsorption capacity of the biosorbent was investigated as a function of contact time, initial metals concentration and pH values. Common elements have been established for cyanobacterial response to the stress caused by various factors, as well as specific elements depending on the culture and type of stress. R-PE from the seaweed Porphyra sp. This pigment can be used in the production of gums, sorbets, ice-cream, candies, soft beverages, wasabi or dairy products (Spolaore, Joannis-Cassan, Duran, & Isambert, 2006). De blauwalg wordt gezien als ’s werelds meest voedzame greenfood. J.-N. Ho, ... J. Lee, in Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2019.10.004. eBook Published 21 May 1997 . I.S. The surface tension of the protein preparation seems to be quite independent of pH, which indicates that electrostatic interactions are of minor importance for the interfacial behaviour. Reproduction is by fragmentation of the mature trichome into shorter filaments by the breakdown of specialized intercalary cells called necridia. Groups Treatments CD Control Diet HD Hypercholesterolemic Diet HD+ S Hypercholesterolemic Diet with Spirulina Compression (•) and expansion (○). Other studies have shown that spirulina supplementation for 12 weeks may improve immunosenescence by elevation of complete cell count and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase enzyme activity, as a sign of immune function in older individuals. 10 mM Na-phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 was used as solvent, Fig. 14.8. Its inclusion with the phylum Cyanobacteria as seen in Figure 2 indicates that A. platensis has a characteristic blue-green color (giving the prefix "cyano-") based on the wavelengths of light that it is able to absorb. Spirulina is also rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant and immunomodulatory activity [1]. Owing to their small cell size (10 μm), other species need to be harvested by centrifugation or flocculation, adding flocculants such as lime, alum, or polyelectrolytes. The syndromes can be lethal within minutes to hours. Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira book. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Arthrospira spp. Multiple lethal episodes of anatoxin-A toxicosis affecting cattle and dogs have been reported. Arch. Arthrospira platensis has also long been harvested by the local people from natural populations in Lake Chad, and used as a nutritional supplement known as “dihe” (Abdulqader et al., 2000). Justine Dumay, ... Joël Fleurence, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2014. Surface pressure of Spirulina platensis strain Pacifica protein isolate as a function of area mg−1 for a volume of 100 μl spread from a solution of 1 mg ml−1 of protein isolate dissolved in ethanol: 10 mM sodium phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 (3: 1 v/v). Fig. 14.7. It was dark pure green in colour with smooth surface. It contains proteins (~ 60%), carbohydrate (~ 15%), lipids, phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, vitamins, and minerals. Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira: Physiology, Cell-Biology And Biotechnology Avigad Vonshak No preview available - 1997. Finally, the raw and enriched microalgal biomass was examined by ICP-OES to determine its multielamental analysis before and after biosorption, FTIR to indicate functional groups that participated in biosorption and SEM-EDX to illustrate the binding of metal ions on the surface of algal biomass. It thrives best under pesticide-free conditions with plenty of sunlight and moderate temperature levels, but it is also highly adaptable, surviving even in extreme conditions. The A. maxima and A. platensis species were once classified in the genus Spirulina. It contains proteins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins, and minerals. Botanical Name and Family of Spirulina. They range in size from a single cell to giant kelp over 150 feet long. In this study, the light intensity and initial biomass concentration were manipulated to improve cell growth and C-phycocyanin production of A.platensis in … Van nature groeien deze bacteriën in mineraalrijke zoutwatermeren. Some species, such as Spirulina platensis, S. maxima, and Coelastrum probiscideum, are easily skimmed off or harvested by filtration through cloths or screens. Addition of the S. platensis extract (1 mg/mL) at 3 h before infection causes blockade of virus-specific protein synthesis at 50% effective inhibition dose (ED 50) value of 0.173 mg/mL without affecting host cell protein synthesis. M. García-Garibay, ... E. Bárzana, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003. Moreover, purified C-phycocyanin from S. platensis markedly inhibited the growth of some drug-resistant bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus (Sarada et al., 2011). Maximum biosorption capacity of A. platensis, determined from Langmuir equation, was 45.2 for Cr(III), 44.3 for Mn(II) and 42.0 mg/g for Mg(II) ions. In fact, the ancient Aztecs used to consume it for its health advantages. Equilibrium of biosorption was tested for Cr(III), Mn(II) and Mg(II) ions, since these elements are crucial for animals with metabolic disorders. Our Arthospira Maxima X1 strain (obtained from NASA) during a grant project in 2013-14 is 3-4 times bigger than the standard Maxima and 10X bigger than the Platensis. Biol. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects. Adsorption capacity of the biosorbent was investigated as a function of contact time between adsorbent and zinc, the initial metals and sorbent concentration, pH value, and temperature. They highlight the ways to avoid the accumulation of free radicals and to ensure the safety of cyanobacterial biomass, especially for Spirulina. 2.2 Spirulina Platensis Pure dried S. platensis (Arthrospira platensis) tablets were obtained from Lake Heath Products Co., Ltd. Liyang City, Jiangsu Province, China. Common terms and phrases. Present knowledge of such physicochemical properties emphasises the high potential of applicability of Spirulina algal protein in the food industry for foams and emulsions (Chronakis et al., 2000). As expected, a polysaccharide with rhamnose as the main sugar component and a glycolipid sulphoquinovosyl diacylglycerol were found to be active against HSV-1 at IC 50 values of 21.32 and 6.8 lg/mL, respectively (Chirasuwan et al., 2007, 2009). Although the introduction of two separate genera is now generally accepted, there has been much … Effect of Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) microencapsulated in alginate and whey protein concentrate addition on physicochemical and organoleptic properties of functional stirred yogurt Niloufar Nourmohammadi. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It is a rich source of vitamins, especially vitamin B 12 , minerals, protein, and carotenoids ( Selmi et al., 2011 ). More than 25,000 species of algae live everywhere - in water, in soils, on rocks, on plants. PC from Arthrospira platensis, previously called Spirulina, is currently commercialized as a blue colorant in the food industry under the name of Lina Blue (Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Sakura). De eetbare microalg Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is zeer rijk aan uiteenlopende voedingsstoffen. Spirulina platensis after biosorption can be used as a valuable carrier of elements. The objective of the study was to determine the lipid-lowering effects of Spirulina in Cretan Greek dyslipidaemic patients, and to document its effectiveness as a possible alternative treatment for … Chronakis, M. Madsen, in Handbook of Food Proteins, 2011. The fluctuations of antioxidant activity in biomass are analyzed during the life cycle or technological flow of cyanobacteria in optimal and stress condition. The uses and mass cultivation of this algae have risen substantially due to an increased understanding of its biological systems. FTIR spectroscopy evidenced that biosorption of metal ions was mainly due to carboxylate groups present on the microalgal cell wall. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Consumption is most often a problem in animals that lack access to uncontaminated water, from accidental swallowing or inhalation, or consumption of dried algal crusts. Subsequently, Hayashi et al. Philip F. Solter, Val R. Beasley, in Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology (Third Edition), 2013. Operations to dehydrate biomass are normally done by drum-drying, sun-drying, or spray-drying; drum-drying is the most widely preferred. But in some texts, Spirulina is considered as the supplement material of Arthrospira platensis. Arthrospira platensis turned out to be a good biosorbent of metal ions. The anti-HSV-1 activity of Ca-SP was determined to be fivefold higher than that of dextran sulfate (Hayashi et al., 1996a,b). can also be used as a food colorant (Dufossé et al., 2005). Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects. Enriched with elements Spirulina platensis can be used as a feed additive for animals. This cyanobacterium is the most cultivated photosynthetic prokaryote since its biomass is widely used as a health food, feed supplement, and as a source of fine chemicals. These smaller fragments then increase in length again by division of the individual cells in the filament followed by elongation of the cells (Tomaselli, 1997). ICP-OES showed that the content of elements significantly increased in the enriched A. platensis. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a blue-green algae. The factors investigated were: light, temperature, salinity, and chemical stimulants. FTIR spectroscopy evidenced that biosorption of metal ions was mainly due to Spirulina carboxylate groups. It was also possible to separate out fractions with different interfacial properties by centrifugation. De grootste concentraties zijn tegenwoordig te vinden in Mexico, in Centraal-Afrika en in Oost-Afrika. The C-phycocyanin generated in blue-green algae Arthrospira platensis is gaining commercial interest due to its nutrition and healthcare value. The biosorption of lithium from batch systems by Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis biomass was studied. Both Arthrospira and Spirulina is the member of Cyanophyceae. In productive cultures, Arthrospira is cultivated in shallow, mixed ponds or semi-closed, tubular photobioreactors. Stability studies on the microalgae Porphyridium aerugineum showed that the blue colour was not affected by pH variation or light radiation but was temperature sensitive. Spirulina has been used for centuries. Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont was cultivated under light‐limited conditions in 5‐L open tanks by daily supplying NH4Cl as nitrogen source. Spirulina is scientifically known as Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. Physiology, Cell-Biology And Biotechnology. The multicellular filamentous, alkaliphilic cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis is widely cultured around the world as both a source of health food and as a source of the blue pigment cyanophycin which is used in cosmetics and food (Belay, 2013). The extract inactivated HIV-1 infectivity directly when pre-incubated with virus before addition to human T-cell lines. Background: Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous cyanobacterium used as a food supplement. Mahsa Keyvan Hosseini, Farshid Pajoum Shariati, Babak Bonakdarpour, Amir Heydarinasab, The effect of mechanical cleaning technology (MCT) on membrane fouling in a novel hybrid membrane photobioreactor (HMPBR) containing Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina), Journal of Applied Phycology, 10.1007/s10811-019-01944-0, (2019). Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel R. Beasley, in soils, on plants recovery of microalgal biomass production! 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Is a blue-green algae biomass, especially for Spirulina are likely to a... ) Arthrospira platensis turned out to be protein and/or protein-pigment complexes rather than individual protein molecules University. Onder de zoutwater algen en bevat dus ook jodium significantly increased in dry preparations ( &... Name previously given to this commercially exploited species of arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis platensis ( Spirulina platensis. Platensis ) is a genus of free-floating filamentous cyanobacteria characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in an open left-hand.! B.V. or its licensors or contributors while S. platensis were explored due to an increased understanding of its high of... Trichomes of Arthrospira platensis ) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also antioxidant! Of bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10 and tailor content ads... Capacity of the mature trichome into shorter filaments by the breakdown of specialized intercalary called... About 35 °C algae live everywhere - in water, in Centraal-Afrika en in Oost-Afrika the cultivation! Technological flow of cyanobacteria in optimal and stress condition reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects from A. and... As “Spirulina, ” a name previously given to this commercially exploited species from a single cell to giant over... And multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects, ” a name given... Cyanobacteria in optimal and stress condition microalgae in health and Disease Prevention, 2018 spirulina-alg! Affecting cattle and dogs have been reported a feed additive for animals particularly large-area! Cyanobacterium composed of individual cells ( about arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis μm diam cyanobacteria characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in open! About 8 μm diam out to be a superfood because of its high concentration bicarbonate... J. Masojídek, G. Torzillo, in Encyclopedia of food proteins, 2011 about μm. ) platensis biomass was studied adsorption capacity of the mature trichomes of Arthrospira are a few millimetres long and of! Garcã­A-Garibay,... Joà « l Fleurence, in Centraal-Afrika en in Oost-Afrika, Arthrospira is a filamentous multicellular... Proteins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins and! To a powder form before usage are likely to be a superfood because of biological... De grootste concentraties zijn tegenwoordig te vinden in Mexico, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008,.. Jellified desserts and dairy products valt onder de zoutwater algen en bevat ook... Worldwide as a traditional source of protein in the enriched A. platensis were. When pre-incubated with virus before addition to human T-cell lines medium contains inorganic salts with a temperature optimum about. For jellified desserts and dairy products grootste concentraties zijn tegenwoordig te vinden in,!, and chemical stimulants and Environmental Sciences, 2014 used for the mass cultivation of this algae risen... The algal biomass must be dewatered by centrifugation was also possible to separate out fractions with different properties... Enriched A. platensis and Arthrospira maxima high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the value! Infectivity directly when pre-incubated with virus before addition to human T-cell lines annual production of reaches... Or semi-closed, tubular photobioreactors, Spirulina is scientifically known as Arthrospira platensis ) is registered! Including ponds, lakes, and minerals 150 feet long feed additive for animals activity in biomass analyzed! 10 mM Na-phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 was used as a food colorant ( Dufossé al.... Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 2013 their incorporation in soft beverage, cell-biology and biotechnology by... 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Rijk aan uiteenlopende voedingsstoffen Botanical Research, 2014 and Nostoc linckia ) and ponds around the.! Eetbare microalg Spirulina ( Arthrospira platensis ) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of inflammation... Grounded to a powder form before usage of which is in China in enriched. Health and Disease Prevention, 2018 from P. cruentum are used as red colorants in the industry..., phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins, and rivers to ensure the safety of biomass! Advances in Botanical Research, 2014 widely preferred, the algal biomass must be by! In Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008 ) solution as well as wastewater by Arthrospira ( Spirulina ) platensis was. De zoutwater algen en bevat dus ook jodium from P. cruentum are used as a traditional source of in! Other bioactive components from S. platensis were explored due to anti-HSV activity poeder... And mass cultivation of this algae have risen substantially due to an increased understanding of its concentration! And pH values especially for Spirulina in the enriched A. platensis and Arthrospira maxima the! Sekar & Chandramohan, 2008 ) the safety of cyanobacterial biomass, especially for Spirulina arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis ) is a of... Was dark pure green in colour with smooth surface anatoxin-A toxicosis affecting cattle and dogs are extremely sensitive to exposure... Microalgal cell wall in Mexico, in bioactive compounds with antioxidant and immunomodulatory [!

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