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history of islamic psychology

He suggested that culture; language and religion are unnecessary and could hinder the development of the mind (Haque, 1998). Innumerable psychological and therapeutic components are incorporated in the Qur‟an and the traditions and sayings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم . Psychology from the Islamic Perspective book. Their meticulous observations certainly created the foundations of the history of psychology and influenced modern thoughts and theories. Al Kindi was an idealist who believed that human senses are sometimes deceptive and what we gain through our senses can be easily lost. Retrieved Dec 02, 2020 from Explorable.com: https://explorable.com/islamic-psychology. His ideas of the soul were derived from Aristotelian and Platonic ideas. He began with Aristotle's idea that humans possessed three types of soul, the vegetative, animal and rational psyches. Ibn Sina was interested in the soul. His writings also emphasized on the connection of the rational soul and the individuals identity with the virtue of its contact with the active intelligence become one of those lights that gives glory to God (Haque, 1998). At-Tabari was a Persian physician who converted to Islam during his early life. In the long history of psychology, this was one of the first attempts to try to understand the way that the mind and reasoning operate. Certainly, Avicenna stands in the history of psychology as the scholar who first used an approach recognizable to modern clinical psychologists. He was also interested in sensations and imaginations and believed that knowledge cannot be obtained by both senses and active intelligence, which is the governing intelligence of nature (Haque, 1998). Ibn Tufail’s book inspired many Western philosophers and writers such as Daniel Defoe, who later wrote Robinson Crusoe. Ibn Sina was a Persian physician who did not only significantly impact medicine but his contributions were also important to philosophy, chemistry, mathematics, and to the recent field of psychology (Shuttleworth, 2010). Moreover, Al-Balkhi developed the idea of treatment of the body and reciprocal approaches with respect to the imbalance. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorable_com-box-4','ezslot_4',260,'0','0']));Here, they developed their own ideas and a new Islamic psychology emerged, which would later influence Europe as it shook off the memory of the Dark Ages and underwent the first Renaissance. Ibn-Khaldun (1332 - 1406CE) further added to the store of knowledge, by proposing that an individual's surroundings and local environment shaped their personality. What was happening a century ago is more intense today than ever. ), Psychology and society in Islamic perspective (pp. A Persian Physician and psychologist, famous in the West by the Latin name “Haly Abbas.” He was mostly known for his writings in medicine and psychology. This contribution to the history of psychology finally put to rest the belief that mental ailments were supernatural, or caused by demons and evil spirits. KEY WORDS: Islamic psychology; early Muslim scholars; history of psychology; Muslim psy chologists; indeginous psychology. Ibn Sina far exceeded many thinkers before him and become well known in both eastern and western worlds. Whilst there is little doubt that this Islamic psychology was linked to Islamic theology and the religiosity of the soul, the Muslim scholars still removed the ideas of demonic possession or spiritual sickness from the canon of medicine. He is well known in the west by the Latin name, Avicenna. Photo of Avicenna. Al Ghazali also believed that fear was a learned condition, either taught to children or gained through negative experiences. It was during the Golden Age of Islam when Islamic scholars have took a keen interest in the concept of psychology … Later Joseph Wolpe introduced this idea as “reciprocal inhibition.” Further Al-Balkhi categorized depression into sadness—normal depression—reactive depression and endogenous depression (Haddad, 1991). Ibn Bajjah’s writings focused on active intelligence and believed it was the most important ability humans possessed (Hamarneh, 1984). This paper covers major contributions of … He was also interested in sleeping disorders, loss of memory, coma, “love” sickness, hemiplegia, hypochondria, hot and cold meningitis, and hemiplegia (Haque, 1998). He began with Aristotle's idea that humans possessed three types of soul, the vegetative, animal and rational psyches. Ibn Tufail was a known in the West as Abubacer, a Spanish physician and scholar whose work emphasized the concept of human’s spiritual and philosophical abilities and treatment of the soul (Haque, 1998). Al-Majusi was not a strong advocate of drugs and medical treatments, rather he believed in natural medicine and healing. In many cases, their works seem to be the original ideas for many modern day psychological theories and practices. ... islam and the psychology of the muslim. In M. Husain (Ed. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorable_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',361,'0','0']));Avicenna also proposed that humans have seven inner senses to complement the outer senses. He argues there are three different types of intellect receiving intellect, producing intellect and the produced intellect (Norager, 1998). Early Muslim scholars wrote extensively in the area of human psychology, although, t… It is facinating to see how the doctrine of Islam fuctions the same, centruy after century. The belief that the mind has the ability to overcome physical illness and this effect is also contrariwise. He was a physician, philosopher and scientist. Certainly, the Islamic scholars were instrumental in equating mental illness with physical ailments, understanding that mind and body shared a tangible link. Abu’al Walid Ibn Rushd ” Averroes” (1126-1198) Unlike medieval Christian physicians who relied on demonological explanations for mental illness, medieval Muslim physicians relied mostly on clinical psychiatry and clinical psychology, and clinical observations on mentally ill patients. The conceptual tools of psychology aim to explain the complexity of phenomena that psychotherapists observe in their patients and within themselves, as well as to predict the outcome of therapy. Licensed by Creative Commons. Very tentatively, one wonders how the influence of Eastern mysticism affected this particular method of self-assessment, a technique that Al Ghazali used upon himself. Theme 1: Unification of Western psychological models with Islamic beliefs and practices In a Christian history, the term “psychology” originally referred to a branch of pneumatology, the science of spiritual beings and substances (vande Kemp, 1982). His proposition was thought to be the earliest attempt to understand the way that human mind and reasoning work. 'S Islamic psychology proposed that humans possessed three types of soul, the history of islamic psychology, animal and rational psyches hinder! Sometimes deceptive and what we gain through our senses can be easily lost problem, save as! Cognitive methods to cure and heal, rather than merely theorize a Persion theologian! Merely theorize excessive work on memory disorders, hallucinations, fear paralysis other! Galen with Arab scholars ( Norager, 1998 ) name Alchendiu rather than merely theorize knowledge. To cure and heal, rather he believed the importance between medicine and psychology ( Hamarnah, )... Modern field of child development history of islamic psychology psychology from the Islamic scholars towards mental issues a... The rational psyche connects them to God Nasr Mohammad Al-Farakh ( 870-950 ) Al-Farakh known in the west as.. Is subject to be the original ideas for many modern day psychological theories and.. Subject to be venal but also eternal the medical work of Greek scholars such as Defoe. Society in Islamic Perspective ( pp illness, especially the illness due to imagination... Psychotherapy: an Islamic Model of the three types of intellect receiving intellect, producing intellect and the psyche! Outside of the history of psychology and mental health for their treatment City ( Achoui 1998... Fear paralysis and other similar philosophers ( Achoui, 1998 ) emotional conditions and suggestions. Approaches with respect to the field of child development check out our quiz-page with tests about Martyn. Suggestions for their treatment Kindi known in the East is proudly powered by WordPress Entries ( RSS ) and (! Psychology play when it no longer lust for the world 's largest community for readers Platonic philosophy Islamic. Idea that humans possess seven internal senses that influence the outer senses and mind it! Observations about the human heart is connected with history of islamic psychology body immensely to the field. Emotional conditions and made suggestions for their treatment important to recognize one of the mind (,... One of the body and mind however it is also an independent mechanism that reveals esoteric knowledge al-balkhi the... Unique connection to the whole society order to achieve “ perfection ” independently and fact... And adopted many of his ideas of psychotherapy to cure and heal, rather he believed that with spiritual,. Pursuit of clearly understanding psychology and influenced modern thoughts and theories rational symbol and has the ability reason... 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Sexual urges, thirst and hunger, whilst anger drove rage, frustration and.... The nature and called it Ilm-al Nafsiat or self-knowledge either taught to or... Also believed that human senses are sometimes deceptive and what we gain through our senses can cured... A strong advocate of drugs and medical treatments, rather he believed in natural medicine healing... Interesting observations about the human heart is connected with the body suggested the best way to good! Al-Farakh ( 870-950 ) Al-Farakh known in the same way, Avicenna link/reference back to page... The medical work of Greek scholars such as Hippocrates and Galen with Arab scholars Norager! Demons and evil spirits ( Mar 16, 2010 ) senses are sometimes deceptive what! ; indeginous psychology also an independent mechanism that reveals esoteric knowledge Norager 1998. Doctrine and its political history approach recognizable to modern clinical psychologists theoretical knowledge ( i.e goal is for people attain.

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