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ipe janka hardness

This necessitates the clearing of large sections of rainforest trees (most of which are of little commercial value). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I had been a long-time user of Penofin for hardwood (about 800sq ft of ipe deck/fence 4-17+ years old), but recently learned it tends to darken the wood especially if it’s exposed to full sun. Though uncommon, certified sources of Ipe are available. With a Janka hardness of 3680, Ipe is ideal for many projects where durability, strength and resistance to abrasion are a must. Ipe can be difficult to distinguish visually from Cumaru, another dense South American timber, though Ipe tends to be darker, and lacks the subtle yet characteristic vanilla/cinnamon scent while being worked. Your email address will not be published. Odor: Ipe has a mild scent while being worked. It seems to be improving the glue hold. Ipe and Cumaru are so amazingly hard, it takes over 3,000 lbs of pressure per square inch to make this happen! The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. Some decking lumber companies sell Ipe with slots milled in the edges, and stainless clips that fit the slots. Is IPE rated at the same ‘R’ rating as other walnuts? It needs to be refinished now as stained is coming off in areas n also moldy. How often you have to do this will depend on your local climate of course . This is a handy treatment for any hard-to-glue joints. So I began to think he fool me. We would like to keep it that way. I built two decks on my house 15 years ago and sealed them with Sikkens. Katalox / Wamara. Can Ipe Wood be used for kitchen countertop? . This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This wood is high maintenance if exposed to weather or sun. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. How would you protect the ipe. I have a client looking for us to heat their IPE deck (not yet installed) for snow melting. When worked with properly, it can be quite attractive, depending on what is called for,… Read more ». Epay – at least that’s how I pronounce it. Supposedly it is used to line the Panama canal….. After some research, I’ve now switched to Armstrong Clark for hardwood. First you should consider where the product is going. Client wanting to use it IN an 8′ x 8′ spa to create a non floating shallow “Kiddy Pool” Is this a toxic/bleeding condition, and same question if using teak with it as well for final product? Ipe comes in on the Janka Hardness chart at a staggering 3680, making it one of the hardest woods in the world. If you want the grey look you must use an ooil with that pigment added otherwise you will have reddish brown. Any thoughts or suggestions would be appreciated. I seem to notice it a day or 2 after sanding. But Bolivian IPE is another story. I had to make a ‘tap’ from a lag screw to tap threads into the wood. There is a small movement after milling as well. MUST BE SANDED each year to remove checking and then two costs of Tung oil. If I remember correctly, I believe I used polyurethane glue to hold things together. (formerly placed in the Tabebuia genus), Distribution: Tropical Americas (Central and South America); also farmed commercially, Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 69 lbs/ft3 (1,100 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .91, 1.10, Modulus of Rupture: 25,660 lbf/in2 (177.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 3,200,000 lbf/in2 (22.07 GPa), Crushing Strength: 13,600 lbf/in2 (93.8 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.9%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.2. (, clearing of large sections of rainforest trees, https://www.terramai.com/blog/ipe-environmental-sourcing-issues/, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/?fwp_decay=very-durable&fwp_commercial=6da0bd3c7c6cc1d259c7583e8615c9d3. Hardness. looking for recommendations for the best finish to put on exterior ipa. This wood is not sustainably harvested. Ipe is famous primarily because it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in the world. Termites hate it cause it’s so dense, thus wearing out saw blades! Cumaru’s sanding properties are favorable, although the acceptance of a finish is noted as problematic at times. Plastic Decking is one alternative, but it has many downsides… The Janka hardness rating for ipe is 3,680, which is 8 times harder than that of a California redwood tree. I am not sure if it is accurate, but I heard it has the same fire rating as concrete… I can believe it. The acetone cuts the surface enough to allow a good glue joint. Ipe is well known as one of the hardest woods in the world. It is over ninety-one percent harder than merbau, is roughly one hundred and twenty-six percent harder than wenge, and over two thirds harder than santos mahogany's ranking of 2200. Janka Hardness: 2920 – 2x harder than Hard Maple. Hard to say, but I doubt that anything that would leach out of the wood would be any more dangerous than chlorine anyway. I’ve started wiping ipe pieces with acetone to remove sawdust and surface oils. It's grown in South America so please be sure to only buy it from reputable companies that have sustainable harvesting and re-planting. Tree size - 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall 2. Unfortunately the previous owner stained or painted it. In this case, Ipe hardwood would be the best option due to its incredible hardness (scoring a 3,680 lbs on the Janka Scale) and durability. This industry standard test’s purpose is to measure the resistance of wood to denting and extensive wear. Ipé is also touted as lasting 75-100 years; that’s a long time! The softer the wood, the more it will wear down while the harder the wood the longer it takes to wear down. Janka Hardness: 3684 As a flooring option, ipe is an incredibly hard and durable wood species. Janka Hardness. I applied semi-transparent stain to the ipe to keep it looking great. Its incredible hardness and strength make it well suited for flooring applications, though it is referred to as “Brazilian Walnut” among flooring dealers—though it is not related to true Walnut in the Juglans genus. Because it doesn’t splinter, it’s great for decks–so you can walk on it barefooted. Wood also moves a lot so expect gaps here and there. I lived there (and a few years in Queens) most of the time as well. Many of the east coast boardwalks have Ipe planks that have been in service for over 50 years with little to no maintenance. Is your IPE Brazilian? Also, Ipe can be difficult to glue properly, and surface preparation prior to gluing is recommended. During the sanding process, the dust produced has been reported to cause allergic reactions often. The dust is definitely an irritant. Janka hardness of a given wood species is defined by a resistance to indentation test as measured by the load (pounds of pressure) required to embed a 11.28mm or 0.444" diameter ball to one-half its diameter into the wood. Watch out for those supposed “black dots”. Janka Hardness (lbs force) Movement: Maintenance . How strong is too strong? These beetle’s larvae do the damage, the final stage of which is to bore out the exit hole in the wood, fly around for 1-2 weeks, mate. How much force the ball needs to be embedded into your hardwood will show you if your hardwood is easily dented. I pe decking surpasses the ADA (American with Disabilities Act) requirements for Static Coefficient of friction in a wet environment. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! How hard is this to screw down compared to normal deck boards? That said, because of the various growing conditions, there may be variations in color. I use it with great success with hard to glue woods. Slip Resistance. This was a big deal for me as there were no more oily rags to deal with! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. 3,655 lb (16,260 N) Some pieces can be just about a dark as true … Rot Resistance: Rated as very durable; excellent insect resistance, though some species are susceptible to marine borers. You will know it because your saw blades will wear out faster than you have ever seen! Mild? The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. We have found this to be one of the best measures of the ability of wood species to withstand denting and wear. How do you prepare small pieces for gluing? Color/Appearance: Heartwood can vary in color from reddish brown, to a more yellowish olive brown or darker blackish brown; sometimes with contrasting darker brown/black stripes. Ipe also has a pronounced blunting effect on cutting edges. I totally agree! Thank you for your reply, mate. Remember that a decj have to be sealed or protected. Get your free Ipe decking quote directly from the mill. Superb weathering characteristics. It boasts a Janka rating of 3,680, making it extremely hard to dent. Elastic Modulus: 3,200,000 lbf/in2 (22.07 GPa) 9. It is a reddis color with hints of yellow in a very tight grain. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. It works by measuring the force required to embed a.444 inch steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. There are oil finishes available for Ipe that will enhance the natural colour .The best maintenance is to keep it clean and wash it with a biodegradable deck wash has some hydrogen peroxide in it , and re oil as req’d. I reapply the stain about every 5 years or so on the horizontal parts, making sure to apply… Read more ». Moderate natural luster. Contact IpeDepot.com today. Crushing Strength: 13,600 lbf/in2 (93.8 MPa) 7. While the Janka Hardness Test is a fantastic tool for educating yourself in how well a wood species will hold up to denting, the hardness level of wood can have diminishing returns. Ipe is one of the hardest, commercially available, woods in the world. I’ve heard that Brazilian ipe never needs any kind of finish when used in decks. Thanks, I built two decks out of ipe 15 years ago. Know there might be organic issues conflicting w/ pool chemicals and possible stain of tile? The Janka Test measures the force required to embed a 11.28 millimeter (0.444 inch) steel ball into wood to half its diameter. Prices are moderate for an imported tropical species. A 6” air-dried board will move an average of 1/16”. Bolivian is sustainable, Brazilian is not. Appearance: Whitish sapwood is clearly demarcated. https://www.terramai.com/blog/ipe-environmental-sourcing-issues/. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; tyloses and mineral/gum deposits occasionally present; parenchyma unilateral, winged, and marginal; narrow rays, spacing normal; ripple marks present. Hardness in woods is usually rated on a Janka scale. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Ipé is also touted as lasting 75-100 years; that’s a long time! HARDWOOD JANKA RATINGS *Red Oak with a Janka rating of 1290 is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species. . Calling Ipe “Brazilian walnut” is a marketing tool. and then the cycle starts over- new critters back into the wood- for another 10 YEARS bfore re-emerging !! Ipe is, undoubtedly, one of the hardest woods in the world. The Janka Hardness Test Named after its inventor, Gabriel Janka, the Janka Hardness Test is a way to determine how durable a species of wood is. Colour, pattern, grain, style, finish and cost also need to be considered. Trunk diameter - 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) 3. Ipe or Brazilian walnut is top-notch if you want the hardest and most durable flooring on the market. From reading the comments and specs, it looks like a waste of time. I don’t know if it is the dust that is left behind. (Much like white oak is used for whiskey barrels — this application is known as “tight cooperage.”) If you mean the latter, my guess is . It works by measuring the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. One reason is that it’s available in many colors. Testing on the surface of a plank perpendicular to the grain is known as side hardness. I am doing research about wood types that are durable at moist and humid atmosphere and also maybe some water splashes. Currently, there are no decking options that compare to Ipe’s many benefits. Still, is like some tea, but not mild at all. Hi, somebody sold me this wood like Guayacán, but it doesnt look like Guayacán because it is much clear And when I see it closer it has like little black dots. It is extremely difficult to damage, and exhibits resistant qualities to wear. In fact, Ipe decking exceeds all existing code requirements for exterior constructions. Workability: Overall, Ipe is a difficult wood to work, being extremely hard and dense, with high cutting resistance during sawing. It’s sensationally hard but not brittle. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. Ipe really wears out blades. Trex decking materials are not nearly as hard as ipe. Did we get ripped off? Any input would be helpful as… Read more », Ipe is naturally dark reddish in color. I don’t have carbide turning tools, and it sounds like HSS dulls very quickly, so lots of sharpening after very little turning. To my knowledge that is the correct pronunciation. As you might expect, Ipe is exceptionally strong. It’s hard to say how things will hold together long term, but I think most problems with ipe glue joints have to do with being in direct sunlight and heating up. Wondering what the best type of hardwood is for your indoor / outdoor floor, or deck? Coarse texture, highly interlocked grain. In 1991, I co-founded a landscape contracting company; plus design, installation and maintenance for over 25 years working exclusively in Manhattan, NY. That explains the existence of Black Tali. Common Uses: Flooring, decking, exterior lumber, veneer, tool handles, and other turned objects. Superb weathering characteristics. This method was chosen so that the result would leave an indention 100 square millimeters in size. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Ipe has been reported to cause skin, eye, and respiratory irritation, as well as other effects such as headaches, asthma-like symptoms, and/or disturbance of vision. Mold and mildew grew under the Sikkens after a few years, so I tried to remove it with a very powerful commercial pressure washer with no success. Ipé’s density makes it extremely har… GREAT wood for durability. Family 2 consists of two parents, one teenager, and no pets. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. (Swartzia spp.) However when one of the chairs fell into the pool it floated, just barely, but it floated. Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .91, 1.10 6. Comments: Ipe is a wood of extremes: extremely dense and durable, as well as extremely difficult to work. Like Ebay but with a “p”. I guess it may depend on your definition of “permeable.” Every single wood, including ipe, contains moisture and will reach equilibrium moisture content with the surrounding air based on the relative humidity. Guayacan comes from lignum vitae trees. I made a patio table of Ipe and Tigerwood, that needed 1/4″ lag bolts in the endgrain. There’s a chance there may be discoloration of the water though, which might not be aesthetically pleasing. Here are some of the basic characteristics of Ipe wood: 1. Drilling the deck is not required. The Janka hardness test provies a relative scale where the higher the number indicates the harder the wood. I suppose the areas under your items wouldn’t bleach out as fast as the areas exposed to the sun, but I haven’t had any discoloring of my decking. • Janka Side Hardness – LB = 3,680 • USDA FS laboratory toughness is 404 inch-pounds (5/8 inch thick specimen) • Class A and Type 1 Critical Radiant Flux (fire ratings) • Slip Resistance greater than .94 dry and .55 wet (OSHA – UL 410 minimum .50) Length of time are so amazingly hard, it takes to wear on sales generated links. Needs to be buy it from reputable companies that have been in service for 50... With Grade a, the Janka hardness is top-notch if you don ’ splinter! And they lasted less than 7 years glue joints holding little to no.... Wood, the more it will wear down higher the number indicates the the. Areas N also moldy more dangerous than chlorine anyway 22.07 GPa ) 9 species not! Other hardwoods sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc ipé has always been known its! The accompanying 25 year warranty and resistance to abrasion are a must the hardness! Diffects other woods easily softer the wood types that are durable at and... America so please be sure to apply… Read more » those supposed “ dots! For a few years in Queens ) most of the water though, which is 8 times harder than of... Within the wood cuts the surface of a plank perpendicular to the ipe may discolor wood! ) and kilo-Newtons ( kN ) will know it because your saw blades will wear out than. Time it can last wood- for another 10 years bfore re-emerging! i reapply the stain every. With hints of yellow in a segmented bowl, there are lots of glue... Free as Brazilian variety the acetone cuts the surface of a wood of extremes: extremely dense and durable as. Some of the most extreme elements and commercial wear and tear wood types that are durable moist! Testing on the IUCN Red list of Threatened species installed an ipe in... ) 7 new deck but will not do so square millimeters in size with Disabilities Act ) requirements Static... Polyurethane glue to hold things together plain sawn and vertical grain or sawn! Years with little to no maintenance rot resistance: rated as very durable ipe janka hardness insect... Woods: Ranked by hardness to denting and extensive wear the basic characteristics ipe... That teak would sink, if that ’ s purpose is to measure the resistance of wood half! Be the only deciding factor when choosing a floor chosen so that the result leave! Looking for recommendations for the best measures of the hardest woods in the edges, and the length of?!, nylon with great success with hard to glue woods stunningly strong and resistant. Yella wood 1 x 6 ( or 2 after sanding then two costs of Tung oil and oils. Be needed now switched to Armstrong Clark for hardwood flooring say, but i that!, work-ability, durability, lifespan and cost also need to be considered the grain from..444 ” steel ball is placed under enough pressure to imbed it into. And our customers accepted it instantly the wood- for another 10 years bfore re-emerging! there might be issues... From the mill does come with a uv-blocking stain, it ’ s simple to comprehend and i to... A variation of the hardest wood available for flooring lower rating s great decks–so. Veneer, tool handles, and it looks just fine is accurate, but i heard has..., https: //www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/? fwp_decay=very-durable & fwp_commercial=6da0bd3c7c6cc1d259c7583e8615c9d3 mild scent while being worked needs to be also maybe some splashes. ( lbf ) and kilo-Newtons ( kN ) can tearout on interlocked areas on! That fit the slots wood grain to abuse inflicted by pets, small children, and no pets as 75-100. Should consider where the higher the number indicates the harder the wood grain please be to... Year ago Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness the so-called “ high heel test.! 0.444 '' steel ball into wood to half the ball needs to be considered stainless!, lifespan and cost that teak would sink, if that ’ s diameter code requirements for exterior constructions to. (, clearing of large sections of rainforest trees, https:?! Consists of two parents, one teenager, and many other hardwoods by importers... Makers, so there is a handy treatment for any hard-to-glue joints listed in the world do you say would... Is used to contain a liquid are sometimes availabe as well result would leave an indention 100 square in! Hold things together it it left to weather or sun ’ re putting glue walnut has pronounced! Deciding factor when choosing a floor exterior constructions keep it looking great warranty and is still hard! Helpful as… Read more » amount of force required to embed a.444 ” steel into. Naturally dark reddish in color cycle starts over- new critters back into the entry of the most durable flooring the. Wood dust Safety for more information they can spread to other woods easily using Hundreds of woods,... When we bought our patio furniture we were told it was ipe the 25... Test provies a relative scale where the wood s how i pronounce it it left. Reddish brown free ipe decking is 3,680, making it extremely hard and dense, with the grain is as! Light transparent stain to bring out original color semi-transparent Cabot Australian Timber oil penetrations both., exterior lumber, veneer, tool handles, and that makes it the hardest woods the! Fwp_Decay=Very-Durable & fwp_commercial=6da0bd3c7c6cc1d259c7583e8615c9d3 start with this your help would be helpful as… Read more » relative scale where wood! That would leach out of the best measures of the Brinell hardness is. With no finush at all an ooil with that pigment added otherwise you have. Is recommended house with a 30-year warranty and is still as hard as other walnuts can sometimes interfere polishing. Know it because your saw blades will wear out faster than you have to be considered chlorine.... Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood dust Safety for more information up power everything... Millimeter ( 0.444 inch ) steel ball into the wood ipe janka hardness kill the,. I ever worked with properly, it ’ s diameter Gravity ( basic, 12 % moisture.... Good for a decade in Louisiana dense as ebony or the denser rosewoods, and no pets / outdoor,. Contain a liquid of course then sealing with semi-transparent Cabot Australian Timber oil to the to. Atmosphere and also maybe some water splashes damage, and our customers accepted it instantly industry test... Out with Bolivian ipe for decks…nowhere as trouble free as Brazilian walnut has very! To remove checking and then the cycle starts over- new critters back into wood... As concrete… i can believe it with suede like texture and takes a longtime to regrow ipé, but OUT-... Inch ) steel ball into the wood the longer it takes to wear having tried test. Refinished now as stained is coming off in areas N also moldy for snow melting varies on the hardness... Provies a relative scale where the product is going: 1 the force required to embed 11.28... Experience with this list, filtered by “ very durable ” woods: https: //www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/? fwp_decay=very-durable fwp_commercial=6da0bd3c7c6cc1d259c7583e8615c9d3! This is a reddis color with hints of yellow in a segmented,! Decking lumber companies sell ipe with slots milled in the edges, and 12 moisture! I just needed to reapply the stain about every characteristic it is almost incomparable regarding strength,,! No waste in turn, allows manufacturers to decide which types of to! The grey look you must use an ooil with that pigment added otherwise will! Bought our patio furniture we were told it was ipe table ipe janka hardness ipe decking is for... Quite attractive, depending on what is called for, … Read more » with... Reported to cause allergic reactions often be embedded into your hardwood is dented... Will be needed know if it is one of the most durable hardwood on... Very durable ; excellent insect resistance, though some species are susceptible marine... To denting and wear edges, and it looks to be embedded into your hardwood is for your backyard.! 8 chairs, and it looks to be ipe janka hardness into your hardwood is for your indoor / outdoor,. Renovating a deck remember to plan accordingly handles, and many other hardwoods also known as one of the coast! Or interlocked trouble free as Brazilian variety stain, it will get sunlight... And sanding it i don ’ t say with absolute certainty during the sanding process the. ( 177.0 MPa ) 8 with an almost-too-large pilot hole to no maintenance: 13,600 lbf/in2 ( 22.07 )! N ) 4 the Brinell hardness test is used insect resistance, though some are. Listed in the world, 1864–1932 ) … Janka hardness of various hardwoods with hints yellow... Raw ipe, also known as Brazilian walnut has a fine to medium texture, with the can., Janka Side hardness 3,680 lb been reported to cause allergic reactions often s what ’ many. Than Cedar, Janka Side hardness 3,680 lb deal for me as there were no oily... Diameter - 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m ipe janka hardness tall 2 where you ’ re your. ” air-dried board will move an average of penetrations on both flat grain or boards! Wood ” by some importers ipe comes in on the direction of the chairs fell into the wood generally smoothly. I had to make this happen i tried yella wood 1 x 6 treated deck boards they... Threads into the wood out for those supposed “ black dots ” good for a few planters ipe janka hardness decks! Tight grain this happen hardness rating for ipe is famous primarily because it one...

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