WW2 1939 Polish Army Categories. Most young men were required to serve in or register for military service in Poland. Image: Polish Infantry Company (Wikipedia) Company HQ: Captain/Company Commander (Wz.35 9mm Pistol) Private/Batman-Groom (Wz.29 … German Panzers, prepared to meet a symmetric threat of other tanks and mechanized units, were easily able to deal with the Polish cavalry. My latest ancestral adventure is tracking down our Dziadzio’s Polish WWII military records. This richly detailed text by Steven Zaloga relates the story of the Polish Army during the Second World War, from the first wave of Stukas in 1939 to its eventual conclusion. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. 31 August. Therefore I know my search must begin with British documentation. In addition to … Although Polish army officers came to realize in the 1920's that widespread adoption of machineguns by the Red Army would drastically reduce the viability of mounted charges, in the absence of a mechanized counterpart the cavalry was still viewed as a vital mobile force in the vast reaches of the Ukraine and Eastern Poland. The Nazi party itself gave capitalist businesses the sort of free hand that Communists detested. View: Show per page. There were charges of cavalry with the saber, during the brief September Campaign just over a dozen of them were recorded. Mauser pattern. The Polish Army in 1939 examines the September Campaign showing the background, organization and planning of the Army that faced the German and Soviet forces in the early days of World War II. Hitler’s Nazi ideology included repeated condemnation of Communism. Total strength of the Polish Army: 1,500,000 soldiers (1,000,000 front line) with 4,500 guns and mortars, 2,000 anti-tank and 3,000 anti-aircraft guns. Polish troops continued fighting after Poland fell; their scattered forces making up the fourth largest Allied army by the end of the war. Thus, one cavalry division was able to break through the lines and mount a raid on Zhitomir Berdichev in the first week of June. The Poles had wanted to mobilize much sooner, but delayed at the insistence of the French and British, who feared mobilization would provoke Germany. The Anglo-Polish Agreement of Mutual Assistance is signed, promising military aid in the event that either nation is the victim of aggression by a third party. Led by brig. The 1937, cavalry instructions offered a more sophisticated tactical approach to dealing with armor than the 1933 instructions. And the unearthed pre-war photographs hold a significant historical value, because they debunk several myths about the Polish army in 1939, claimed a museum expert. This richly detailed text by Steven Zaloga relates the story of the Polish Army during the Second World War, from the first wave of Stukas in 1939 to its eventual conclusion. Shop with confidence. Gdynia is evacuated by the Poles. This was characterized by extensive bombing early on to destroy the enemys air capacity, railroads, communication lines, and munitions dumps, followed by a massive land invasion with overwhelming numbers of troops, tanks, and artillery. In 1939, the Polish army still maintained many cavalry squadrons, which had served them well as recently as the Polish-Soviet War in 1921. Although armor played a subordinate role in the campaign from the Polish view, Polish tactical anti-tank policy was sensible and vigorously pursued. Dziadzio (Captain Frankow) was a career Army man and had previously enlisted well before the war. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. View: Show per page. In the late thirties Polish headquarters prepared "Plan Zachód" (Plan "West), a plan of mobilization of Polish Army in case of war with Germany. Polish High Command was surprised by the speed of the Panzer division and shocked by the intervention of the Red Army against Poland. During the attack on the positions defended by the 12º Uhlan Regiment “Podolski”, 4th Panzer Division lost about 40 cars and armored vehicles. It consisted of 3 infantry divisions: 1. A number of ‘false flag’ operations on the Polish frontier – blamed on Polish troops but actually carried out by the SS – give Hitler his excuse to invade. Even the Poles have promoted the tales, if only as a metaphor for the bravery of Polish troops in 1939. Polish cavalry proved totally ineffective in maintaining contact with Budennyi's forces. Uniforms, equipment, weapons. 1st Legions Infantry Division (Poland) (1 Dywizja Piechoty Legionów) from Wilno, 2. The Polish Army also acquired at least two Russian designed and built Jeffery-Poplavko armored cars. These mispercep tions were based to some extent on Polish inexperience with armored formations larger than battalion size as well as internal controversy within the Polish Army over cavalry mechanization which made any objective evaluation of German or Soviet armored divisions very difficult. The Poles fought bravely, but … See also: Luftwaffe Orders ofBattle September 2, 1939. The Polish cavalry of 1939 was an effective force within its own borders but completely inadequate when confronted by German tanks The armies of the 18th and 19th centuries could not wage war successfully were it not for aththproficient cavalry arm, and bold and courageous cavalry leaders, scouting in advance of the army, gaining vital information to be transmitted to the commander. By 1936, this view had completely changed. 04 Polish breeches 05 German pre-1939 boots 06 Ak (Home Army) armband 07 9 mm Sten Mk II SMG 08 German ammo pouches for MP-38/40 mags Photo of Zoska Battalion: Left to Right: Polish resistance fighters Wojciech Omyla, Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski, and Tadeusz Milewski in captured German uniforms and Kar98k rifles, Warsaw, Poland, 5 Aug 1944. Viewed 609 times 2. It consisted of 4 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades. The German Luftwaffe had 1,538 aircraft ready for the Polish campaign. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); For thePolish campaign the Wehrmacht was able to deploy 37infantry and 3 mountain divisions and all existing 6 Panzer divisions, 4 light divisions and 4 motorized divisions as well as a cavalry brigade. Was one of the reserves of the northern front of Polish defences. But in 1939, Polish Army units fought well against the Germans at Modlin, south of Warsaw, in Warsaw itself, and in the Hel Peninsula and Westerplatte area near Danzig (now Gdansk) and Gdynia. Commanded by mj. The Polish Army 1939-1945 (Men at Arms Series, 117) Paperback – Illustrated, January 21, 1982 by Steven J. Zaloga (Author), Richard Hook (Illustrator) 3.9 out of 5 stars 24 ratings. The Polish Army 1939-45, Inconnus. Polish troops fought as well as the German infantry when the odds were even, and better than the French and British once they engaged in 1940. It was led by Lt.-Gen. Władysław Bortnowski and consisted of five infantry divisions, two National Defence brigades and one cavalry brigade. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. It consisted of 6 infantry divisions, 1 cavalry brigade and a battalion of tanks. Once the German forces had plowed their way through, devastating a swath of territory, infantry moved in, picking off any remaining resistance. This article does not contain any citations or references. Our intention, first of all, is to popularize less known prototypes, armoured cars and armoured trains of the Polish Army. In an Italian mini-series, Campi di Battaglia, in an episode about tanks, they claim that the Polish army ranked fifth worldwide just before the German invasion in 1939. Polish cavalry officers failed to display the imagination to realize that counties which enjoyed more extensive technological facilities could develop armored vehicles which transcended the technical and operational fi-ailties of their own meager armored force. They were punctual actions in which they had a clear advantageous position for the cavalry, or else the situation was already totally desperate. The cavalry was very familiar with these vehicles as each cavalry brigade had an armored troop equipped with 13 TK or TKS tankettes and seven Model 1934 armored cars. Most Polish forces were grouped into 6 armies and a number of corps-sized "Operational Groups". script.setAttribute("async", true); These included 3,195 tanks, of which only 98 were Panzer III and 211 Panzer IV. The 1937 instructions finally recognized the central role that armored formations would play in a future war, but misperceived both the striking power of armored divisions and the means necessary to defeat them. The main aim of the army was to secure mountain passes in the Carpathians. It is dedicated to those, who fought for freedom. Despite the short duration of the campaign, the Polish forces inflicted more casualties on the Germans then they would incur until mid-1940. Polish Army in France (1939–1940) - Operations Operations With the German invasion of France, at first only Polish armoured units were pressed in formation, but after the Germans broke through the French front, all Polish formations were moved to the front-line, although the units still had not received all of their equipment and supplies from the French logistics services. #ga-ad {display: none;} Russian cavalry had not distinguished itself particularly during World War I. The Polish September Campaign 1939; ... (Polskie Sily Zbrojne) or PSZ incorporated the Polish Army and Polish navy. Military records identify individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in biographies or family, census, probate, civil … By 1920, under civil war conditions, cavalry recovered its place as the combat arm of a war of maneuver. var d = new Date(); WW2 1939 Polish Army Bases & Movement Trays Terrain Poland 1939 Featured. Initially the army consisted of 2 improvised mountain brigades and a number of smaller units, but later in the course of war was joined by forces of the withdrawing Armia Kraków. A military treaty signed in 1921 ensured French support in … The Polish Army in 1939 examines the September Campaign showing the background, organization and planning of the Army that faced the German and Soviet forces in the early days of World War II. Strategic cavalry repeatedly played the role of shock force striking deep into the enemy rear, disrupting his command and control, and demoralizing his forces. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { The Army was created on March 23, 1939 to defend Toruń and Bydgoszcz and to carry out delaying actions in the so-called "Polish Corridor". Their mobility was very limited and they were extremely prone to mechanical breakdown. Dispositions of opposing forces, August 31, 1939, and the German plan. This site is devoted to the Polish military vehicles of 1918-1939. Because of fast German advance both groups entered combat separately and most units did not reach full mobilization. Military records identify individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Thus, the Polish cavalry, although different from the symmetric threat, was not an asymmetric threat. It consisted of 5 infantry divisions, 1 mountain brigade, 1 motorized cavalry brigade, 1 mountain brigade and 1 cavalry brigade under gen. Antoni Szylling. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. Contrary topopular conception, most of the supplies and artillery of the armies of the world in 1941 were in fact horse drawn. Howard Lederman gen. Emil Krukowicz-Przedrzymirski. While the Polish armored forces would not compare with those of Germany or the Red Army, it was large, and in some respects, more modern than tank units in the United States at the time. WW2 1939 Polish Army There are 24 products. Polish OOB during the Invasion of Poland. WW2 1939 Polish Army Bases & Movement Trays Terrain Poland 1939 Featured. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); The tales of Polish caGalry charges against tanks stemmed from a small skirmish near the village of Krejanty on the evening of 1 September 1939. In 1939, as Europe moved towards war, the Polish government ordered partial mobilization in March and August and then, on 30 August 1939, general mobilization was declared. This is the start of the violent battle of the Bzura River. Polish handicaps during 1939 were the lack of operational mobility and poor communication and control. 15 talking about this. Its main task was to delay advancing German troops and withdraw eastwards along the northern line of the Carpathians. In addition to … Later in the course of the war other operational units were created. it depends on postage option chosen by you! Among the most celebrated of these operations were those in the Ukraine in June-July 1920, when Konarmiia was redeployed from the Caucasian front to the Southwestern Front to form the strike group for a drive to liberate Kiev and push the Poles out of the Ukraine. It consisted of 4 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades. Created in the summer of 1939 as the main reserve of the Commander in Chief. Distant Allies. Of the 1.1 million Polish mobilized in 1939, at least 320,000 died during the war - half of these in the September 1939 campaign. Despite the short duration of the campaign, the Polish forces inflicted more casualties on the Germans then they would incur until mid-1940. OOB polonais lors de l' invasion de la Pologne. A myth emerged about the Polish cavalry leading desperate charges against the tanks of the invading Nazis, pitting horsemen against armored vehicles. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Active 1 year, 10 months ago. Dutch East Indies Army; Estonian Army; Finnish Army; Greek Army; Latvian Army; Lithuanian Army; Norwegian Army; Swedish Army; Yugoslavian Army; Home; Polish; Companies; POLISH INFANTRY COMPANY 1939; POLISH INFANTRY COMPANY 1939. A myth emerged about the Polish cavalry leading desperate charges against the tanks of the invading Nazis, pitting horsemen against armored vehicles. European theatre, and then retreat towards Narew river Germany, Russia Italy! To the Polish commander responded by shortening his lines and giving up Kiev horsemen. Still saw the value in having mounted troops is devoted to the forces! 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polish army 1939

34 Armored Car Polish Army wz. By August 27, 1939, Polish mobilization had entered its final phase. Budennyi's Red Cavalry quickly became the stuff of legends. Please improve this article by adding a reference. The armored cars were little better, though some were equipped with short barrelled 37-mm guns of WWI vintage. This site is devoted to the Polish military vehicles of 1918-1939. The Polish Airforce was part of the army, but was distinguished by its own uniform and command structures. France began pre-mobilization as early as 21 August 1939, whereupon war readiness was achieved ten days later. The Polish Army in 1939 examines the September Campaign showing the background, organization and planning of the Army that faced the German and Soviet forces in the early days of World War II. At greater ranges, horse artillery batteries were to be used. Polish troops push the German forces 12 miles south of Kutno and recapture Lowicz. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Home > WW2 1939 Polish Army Categories. Most young men were required to serve in or register for military service in Poland. Image: Polish Infantry Company (Wikipedia) Company HQ: Captain/Company Commander (Wz.35 9mm Pistol) Private/Batman-Groom (Wz.29 … German Panzers, prepared to meet a symmetric threat of other tanks and mechanized units, were easily able to deal with the Polish cavalry. My latest ancestral adventure is tracking down our Dziadzio’s Polish WWII military records. This richly detailed text by Steven Zaloga relates the story of the Polish Army during the Second World War, from the first wave of Stukas in 1939 to its eventual conclusion. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. 31 August. Therefore I know my search must begin with British documentation. In addition to … Although Polish army officers came to realize in the 1920's that widespread adoption of machineguns by the Red Army would drastically reduce the viability of mounted charges, in the absence of a mechanized counterpart the cavalry was still viewed as a vital mobile force in the vast reaches of the Ukraine and Eastern Poland. The Nazi party itself gave capitalist businesses the sort of free hand that Communists detested. View: Show per page. There were charges of cavalry with the saber, during the brief September Campaign just over a dozen of them were recorded. Mauser pattern. The Polish Army in 1939 examines the September Campaign showing the background, organization and planning of the Army that faced the German and Soviet forces in the early days of World War II. Hitler’s Nazi ideology included repeated condemnation of Communism. Total strength of the Polish Army: 1,500,000 soldiers (1,000,000 front line) with 4,500 guns and mortars, 2,000 anti-tank and 3,000 anti-aircraft guns. Polish troops continued fighting after Poland fell; their scattered forces making up the fourth largest Allied army by the end of the war. Thus, one cavalry division was able to break through the lines and mount a raid on Zhitomir Berdichev in the first week of June. The Poles had wanted to mobilize much sooner, but delayed at the insistence of the French and British, who feared mobilization would provoke Germany. The Anglo-Polish Agreement of Mutual Assistance is signed, promising military aid in the event that either nation is the victim of aggression by a third party. Led by brig. The 1937, cavalry instructions offered a more sophisticated tactical approach to dealing with armor than the 1933 instructions. And the unearthed pre-war photographs hold a significant historical value, because they debunk several myths about the Polish army in 1939, claimed a museum expert. This richly detailed text by Steven Zaloga relates the story of the Polish Army during the Second World War, from the first wave of Stukas in 1939 to its eventual conclusion. Shop with confidence. Gdynia is evacuated by the Poles. This was characterized by extensive bombing early on to destroy the enemys air capacity, railroads, communication lines, and munitions dumps, followed by a massive land invasion with overwhelming numbers of troops, tanks, and artillery. In 1939, the Polish army still maintained many cavalry squadrons, which had served them well as recently as the Polish-Soviet War in 1921. Although armor played a subordinate role in the campaign from the Polish view, Polish tactical anti-tank policy was sensible and vigorously pursued. Dziadzio (Captain Frankow) was a career Army man and had previously enlisted well before the war. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. View: Show per page. In the late thirties Polish headquarters prepared "Plan Zachód" (Plan "West), a plan of mobilization of Polish Army in case of war with Germany. Polish High Command was surprised by the speed of the Panzer division and shocked by the intervention of the Red Army against Poland. During the attack on the positions defended by the 12º Uhlan Regiment “Podolski”, 4th Panzer Division lost about 40 cars and armored vehicles. It consisted of 3 infantry divisions: 1. A number of ‘false flag’ operations on the Polish frontier – blamed on Polish troops but actually carried out by the SS – give Hitler his excuse to invade. Even the Poles have promoted the tales, if only as a metaphor for the bravery of Polish troops in 1939. Polish cavalry proved totally ineffective in maintaining contact with Budennyi's forces. Uniforms, equipment, weapons. 1st Legions Infantry Division (Poland) (1 Dywizja Piechoty Legionów) from Wilno, 2. The Polish Army also acquired at least two Russian designed and built Jeffery-Poplavko armored cars. These mispercep tions were based to some extent on Polish inexperience with armored formations larger than battalion size as well as internal controversy within the Polish Army over cavalry mechanization which made any objective evaluation of German or Soviet armored divisions very difficult. The Poles fought bravely, but … See also: Luftwaffe Orders ofBattle September 2, 1939. The Polish cavalry of 1939 was an effective force within its own borders but completely inadequate when confronted by German tanks The armies of the 18th and 19th centuries could not wage war successfully were it not for aththproficient cavalry arm, and bold and courageous cavalry leaders, scouting in advance of the army, gaining vital information to be transmitted to the commander. By 1936, this view had completely changed. 04 Polish breeches 05 German pre-1939 boots 06 Ak (Home Army) armband 07 9 mm Sten Mk II SMG 08 German ammo pouches for MP-38/40 mags Photo of Zoska Battalion: Left to Right: Polish resistance fighters Wojciech Omyla, Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski, and Tadeusz Milewski in captured German uniforms and Kar98k rifles, Warsaw, Poland, 5 Aug 1944. Viewed 609 times 2. It consisted of 4 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades. The German Luftwaffe had 1,538 aircraft ready for the Polish campaign. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); For thePolish campaign the Wehrmacht was able to deploy 37infantry and 3 mountain divisions and all existing 6 Panzer divisions, 4 light divisions and 4 motorized divisions as well as a cavalry brigade. Was one of the reserves of the northern front of Polish defences. But in 1939, Polish Army units fought well against the Germans at Modlin, south of Warsaw, in Warsaw itself, and in the Hel Peninsula and Westerplatte area near Danzig (now Gdansk) and Gdynia. Commanded by mj. The Polish Army 1939-1945 (Men at Arms Series, 117) Paperback – Illustrated, January 21, 1982 by Steven J. Zaloga (Author), Richard Hook (Illustrator) 3.9 out of 5 stars 24 ratings. The Polish Army 1939-45, Inconnus. Polish troops fought as well as the German infantry when the odds were even, and better than the French and British once they engaged in 1940. It was led by Lt.-Gen. Władysław Bortnowski and consisted of five infantry divisions, two National Defence brigades and one cavalry brigade. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. It consisted of 6 infantry divisions, 1 cavalry brigade and a battalion of tanks. Once the German forces had plowed their way through, devastating a swath of territory, infantry moved in, picking off any remaining resistance. This article does not contain any citations or references. Our intention, first of all, is to popularize less known prototypes, armoured cars and armoured trains of the Polish Army. In an Italian mini-series, Campi di Battaglia, in an episode about tanks, they claim that the Polish army ranked fifth worldwide just before the German invasion in 1939. Polish cavalry officers failed to display the imagination to realize that counties which enjoyed more extensive technological facilities could develop armored vehicles which transcended the technical and operational fi-ailties of their own meager armored force. They were punctual actions in which they had a clear advantageous position for the cavalry, or else the situation was already totally desperate. The cavalry was very familiar with these vehicles as each cavalry brigade had an armored troop equipped with 13 TK or TKS tankettes and seven Model 1934 armored cars. Most Polish forces were grouped into 6 armies and a number of corps-sized "Operational Groups". script.setAttribute("async", true); These included 3,195 tanks, of which only 98 were Panzer III and 211 Panzer IV. The 1937 instructions finally recognized the central role that armored formations would play in a future war, but misperceived both the striking power of armored divisions and the means necessary to defeat them. The main aim of the army was to secure mountain passes in the Carpathians. It is dedicated to those, who fought for freedom. Despite the short duration of the campaign, the Polish forces inflicted more casualties on the Germans then they would incur until mid-1940. Polish Army in France (1939–1940) - Operations Operations With the German invasion of France, at first only Polish armoured units were pressed in formation, but after the Germans broke through the French front, all Polish formations were moved to the front-line, although the units still had not received all of their equipment and supplies from the French logistics services. #ga-ad {display: none;} Russian cavalry had not distinguished itself particularly during World War I. The Polish September Campaign 1939; ... (Polskie Sily Zbrojne) or PSZ incorporated the Polish Army and Polish navy. Military records identify individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in biographies or family, census, probate, civil … By 1920, under civil war conditions, cavalry recovered its place as the combat arm of a war of maneuver. var d = new Date(); WW2 1939 Polish Army Bases & Movement Trays Terrain Poland 1939 Featured. Initially the army consisted of 2 improvised mountain brigades and a number of smaller units, but later in the course of war was joined by forces of the withdrawing Armia Kraków. A military treaty signed in 1921 ensured French support in … The Polish Army in 1939 examines the September Campaign showing the background, organization and planning of the Army that faced the German and Soviet forces in the early days of World War II. Strategic cavalry repeatedly played the role of shock force striking deep into the enemy rear, disrupting his command and control, and demoralizing his forces. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { The Army was created on March 23, 1939 to defend Toruń and Bydgoszcz and to carry out delaying actions in the so-called "Polish Corridor". Their mobility was very limited and they were extremely prone to mechanical breakdown. Dispositions of opposing forces, August 31, 1939, and the German plan. This site is devoted to the Polish military vehicles of 1918-1939. Because of fast German advance both groups entered combat separately and most units did not reach full mobilization. Military records identify individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Thus, the Polish cavalry, although different from the symmetric threat, was not an asymmetric threat. It consisted of 5 infantry divisions, 1 mountain brigade, 1 motorized cavalry brigade, 1 mountain brigade and 1 cavalry brigade under gen. Antoni Szylling. Polish soldiers fought in nearly every major campaign in the European theatre, and their tale is a complicated and tragic one. Contrary topopular conception, most of the supplies and artillery of the armies of the world in 1941 were in fact horse drawn. Howard Lederman gen. Emil Krukowicz-Przedrzymirski. While the Polish armored forces would not compare with those of Germany or the Red Army, it was large, and in some respects, more modern than tank units in the United States at the time. WW2 1939 Polish Army There are 24 products. Polish OOB during the Invasion of Poland. WW2 1939 Polish Army Bases & Movement Trays Terrain Poland 1939 Featured. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); The tales of Polish caGalry charges against tanks stemmed from a small skirmish near the village of Krejanty on the evening of 1 September 1939. In 1939, as Europe moved towards war, the Polish government ordered partial mobilization in March and August and then, on 30 August 1939, general mobilization was declared. This is the start of the violent battle of the Bzura River. Polish handicaps during 1939 were the lack of operational mobility and poor communication and control. 15 talking about this. Its main task was to delay advancing German troops and withdraw eastwards along the northern line of the Carpathians. In addition to … Later in the course of the war other operational units were created. it depends on postage option chosen by you! Among the most celebrated of these operations were those in the Ukraine in June-July 1920, when Konarmiia was redeployed from the Caucasian front to the Southwestern Front to form the strike group for a drive to liberate Kiev and push the Poles out of the Ukraine. It consisted of 4 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades. Created in the summer of 1939 as the main reserve of the Commander in Chief. Distant Allies. Of the 1.1 million Polish mobilized in 1939, at least 320,000 died during the war - half of these in the September 1939 campaign. Despite the short duration of the campaign, the Polish forces inflicted more casualties on the Germans then they would incur until mid-1940. OOB polonais lors de l' invasion de la Pologne. A myth emerged about the Polish cavalry leading desperate charges against the tanks of the invading Nazis, pitting horsemen against armored vehicles. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Active 1 year, 10 months ago. Dutch East Indies Army; Estonian Army; Finnish Army; Greek Army; Latvian Army; Lithuanian Army; Norwegian Army; Swedish Army; Yugoslavian Army; Home; Polish; Companies; POLISH INFANTRY COMPANY 1939; POLISH INFANTRY COMPANY 1939. A myth emerged about the Polish cavalry leading desperate charges against the tanks of the invading Nazis, pitting horsemen against armored vehicles. European theatre, and then retreat towards Narew river Germany, Russia Italy! To the Polish commander responded by shortening his lines and giving up Kiev horsemen. Still saw the value in having mounted troops is devoted to the forces! 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