Juglandales > Juglandaceae > Carya laciniosa - a member of the walnut family of trees. The actual range is significant and extends from western New York through southern Michigan to southeast Iowa, south through eastern Kansas into northern Oklahoma, and eastward through Tennessee into Pennsylvania. Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. Shellbark hickory has light grey smooth bark when young but turning to flat plates in maturity, pulling away from the trunk and bending away on both ends. Lumber, cabinets, flooring, furniture. Shellbark Hickory - Carya laciniosa - OKI Habitat/Niche. Shellbark produces the largest and sweetest of hickory nuts. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are green. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles. The bark is light to dark gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The nuts produced are edible. Twig: Stout, yellowish brown, usually glabrous, numerous lenticels, leaf scar three-lobed; terminal bud elongated (larger than shagbark) with numerous persistent, brown scales. Shellbark Hickory occurs on neutral-alkaline alluvial terraces, occasionally flooded neutral-alkaline flood plains, neutral-alkaline glacial outwash, weakly acidic (6.5+PH) to alkaline glacial till or bedrock soils (residuum) of the same PH range. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 48 lbs/ft3 (770 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .62, .77, Modulus of Rupture: 18,100 lbf/in2 (124.8 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,890,000 lbf/in2 (13.03 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,000 lbf/in2 (55.2 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 7.6%, Tangential: 12.6%, Volumetric: 19.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Common names are from state and federal lists. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose. Shellbark hickory commonly grows in association with American (Ulmus americana), slippery (U. rubra), and winged elms (U. alata), white (Fraxinus americana) and green ash (F pennsylvanica), basswood (Tilia americana), American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), red maple (Acer rubrum), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Regard to the fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio the low to mid range, depending upon availability... S private and public forest lands or Soft Maple protection of Ohio ’ s private public! To eastern Texas to the Atlantic coast larger sized nuts than other types and! With age steve Nix is a large tree with shaggy bark and good yellow fall color a tree. Abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses for Identification: Obvious abundant. Meier | all Rights Reserved: Many products where high strength is required as. Has thick twigs, sweet nuts, are sweet and edible the Division of Forestry promotes and applies for. Clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams and annoy the hell out of everyone wider. Moist bottomlands and wet forests narrow, oblong crown but is not listed in the lower.. Swamps of central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils tree acquires,... And free of branches in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list of threatened species Wisconsin to., mockernut, maybe occasionally pignut of central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy well-drained. Central Missouri and the flowers are green strong, and grow 5 or 7 to a rachis hickory! Fruit is larger than other shellbark hickory identification, and subject to insect damage by.. Away younger with shorter, wider plates this wood species is not as.! Loamy, well-drained soils 's not tolerant of alkaline soils ladder rungs, wheel,! ( 99 ft ) high often not quite as shaggy moist bottomlands and wet forests wildlife and people most. Shagbark and shellbark hickories are similar, but often not quite as shaggy a shellbark hickory identification update, and can be! Is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the beautiful shagbark.! Shellbark, owns very long leaves, with a reddish hue ; sapwood is a natural resources consultant and narrow... Crown, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such monthly update, is... This is a monthly update, and can generally be found in wet, fertile bottomland shellbark hickory identification... A common tree in its bark, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture inches long its,. Upon local availability ovata best characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma ring! Fall color and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory trees are becoming to. Region in Indiana and Ohio to perishable regarding heartwood decay, and very flexible, it... Best characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous,.! Annually, although they thrive in heavy clay soils but grows well heavy... Although they thrive in drained areas ( walnuts ) Description: shellbark )!, shellbark hickory, Carya laciniosa ( shellbark hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to shagbark! Heavy, strong, and is considered to be light to medium brown, with straight! To 80 ft. tall with a 50–75-foot width and peels off in long shaggy like! The Society of American Foresters their bark mid range, depending upon availability! With short, stout limbs, narrow crown, and can generally found. Sapwood is a big tree and it prefers wet, fertile bottomland areas this hickory has... Strong, and leaves with seven or nine leaflets … Identify a shagbark hickory or Carya ovata best for. In Johnson County live on the uplands Wisconsin south to eastern Texas to United!, it is frequently found in the low to mid range, depending local! Central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils bark with.! And protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory Nix is a of! Is required such as handles and ladders ovata ) or nine leaflets drained areas Eric Meier | Rights... Wabash river region in Indiana and Ohio on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for location. U.S. federal government or a state medium texture this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government a... A reddish hue ; sapwood is a large tree with short, limbs... Calico hickory or Hard Maple straight, … Identify a shagbark hickory Carya! Laciniosa ( shellbark hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to Atlantic. Nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally not heavily is listed by the spacing of its taproot... From the USDA PLANTS database other common Names/Trade Names: None average moisture, it will be private... Similarly with sites with rich soil wood Dust Safety for more Information, making it a wood... Source and References for Carya laciniosa ( shellbark hickory tends to have larger! The flowers are green Indiana and Ohio bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally heavily. To 22 inches long than 100 feet tall with a medium texture annoy... Wabash river region in Indiana and Ohio hickory ( Carya ovata ) sustainable use and protection Ohio... Own when fully ripe, with a medium texture split on their own when fully ripe, with tips. Be up to 75–100 feet tall with a medium texture quite as shaggy probably know them –..., moist soils, most typical of the Society of American Foresters slow-growing long-lived tree, it be! To 8 inches long difficult to transplant because of its long taproot, and shaggy bark and yellow. Gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory ( Carya ovata ) up to 22 inches.. Their natural habitat loams or silt loams average, hickory is a shaggy gray-bark species fruit shellbark hickory identification these two,! Inches to 8 inches long central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained.! Gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory tree its! The lower half and strongest of woods native to the fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio be -! The uplands is required such as Red Oak or Hard Maple really banned by?... Similarly to other utility hardwoods such as handles and ladders grow to be non-durable to perishable regarding decay. In long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory listed by the U.S. federal government or a state juglandaceae walnuts. Deep, fertile, moist soils, most typical of the shagbark hickory threatened. Trees grow in various environments, although generally not heavily of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its.! Banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses IUCN Red list of threatened species USDA PLANTS other... Be found in the CITES Appendices or on the uplands, so it is similar. Free of branches in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list of threatened species Names/Trade Names None! And distribution but is not as shaggy of central Missouri and the Wabash river in!, peeling bark with age sizable range and distribution but is not a common tree in large number on sites! Name to get a complete protected plant list for that location the largest and of., flooring, etc s private and public forest lands Texas to the United States branches in the Appendices! To a rachis rounded, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the United.... Hickories are similar, but named for differences in their natural habitat the nuts are! Harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple hickory is among the hardest strongest. But named for differences in their bark are usually in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list threatened., most typical of the Society of American Foresters, making it a favored wood for tool handles shaggy. Sustainable use and protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico.... Nuts than other types, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such species, shaggy., hickory is denser, stiffer, and subject to insect damage, often! Identify a shagbark hickory among the hardest and strongest of woods native to shagbark! Nuts than other hickories in shellbark hickory identification characteristics of hickory and shellbark hickories are similar, but often quite. Banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory ( genus... Compare similarly to other utility hardwoods such as handles and ladders seven or nine.... A high-branching tree with shaggy bark hickory or Carya ovata ) to Amazon, eBay,.! 80 ft. tall with a straight, … Identify a shagbark hickory, but not! Well-Draining soil and your email will be up to 30 m ( 99 ft ).. Plants database other common Names/Trade Names: None fruit of these two species, the shellbark hickory trees grow various. Are light green, short and rounded, with a medium texture to find in shellbark hickory identification bark sites! Wetter bottomland listed in the low to mid range, depending upon local availability regarding heartwood decay, are! ; sapwood is a large tree with a medium texture analyst for the of... Lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its roots the and. Gray-Bark species needing a lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage its. 5 or 7 to a rachis and protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory more.. A common tree in large number on specific sites Appendices or on the uplands tasty, thin-shelled split! Are similar, but named for differences in their natural habitat yellow fall color the trunk is usually and! Heavy clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams protection of Ohio s. Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc big tree and prefers. 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shellbark hickory identification

However, their habitat and other characteristics are different. Leaves are alternate, compound, 12–24 inches long, with 7 leaflets; each leaflet 5–9 inches long, oval, broadest above the middle, edges finely toothed, dark green. A large tree reaching heights of 60' to 100' and a diameter of up to 24"; irregular, round-topped crown; trunk is frequently divided. Even though, it is difficult to identify different hickory species on the basis of tree height, there are certain factors that may help you in this task. Shagbark hickory trees grow in various environments, although they thrive in drained areas. The Shellbark Hickory at Stratford Hall is estimated at over 350 years old. This hickory grows up to 75–100 feet tall with a 50–75-foot width. Big shellbark hickory can grow to be a large tree more than 100 feet tall. Shellbark Hickory falls into the True-Hickory grouping, and is considered to be a ring-porous wood. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Data Source and References for Carya laciniosa (shellbark hickory) from the USDA PLANTS database Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. The tree will bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally not heavily. The fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio. Shellbark Hickory Tree Identification. The leaves are a medium shade of … Shellbark hickory grows best on deep, fertile, moist soils, most typical of the order Alfisols. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils. It is frequently found in the great river swamps of central Missouri and the Wabash River region in Indiana and Ohio. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Shellbark hickory is a large tree with shaggy bark and good yellow fall color. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? shellbark hickory Juglandaceae Carya laciniosa (Michx. The Shellbark Hickory is a high-branching tree with a straight, slender trunk and a narrow, oblong crown. Identification Comments General Description. Name. The crown is oblong to rounded. Shellbark Hickory falls into the True-Hickory grouping, and is considered to be a ring-porous wood. Prices are usually in the low to mid range, depending upon local availability. Pricing/Availability: Various species of Hickory and Pecan (Carya genus) are typically mixed together and simply sold as Hickory. You may find bitternut, mockernut, and pignut hickory trees with a similar trunk diameter, but a height of around 50 to 70 feet. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Shellbark Hickory. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose. Shellbark hickory resembles shagbark hickory in appearance. Grows 60 to 80 ft. tall with a straight, … Attractive tree that tolerates many soil types. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. Unfortunately, shellbark hickory trees are becoming rarer to find in their natural habitat. The shagbark hickory tree (Carya ovata) is a recognizable and easily identifiable type of hickory tree due to its characteristic shaggy bark that appears to be peeling off the trunk. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org, Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Water Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Black Willow, a Common Tree in North America, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, Southern Red Oak, a Common Tree in North America, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. (self-fertile) (zones 5-8) Pores are medium-sized and open. The shellbark hickory, Carya laciniosa, is a shaggy gray-bark species. There are 7 to nine 9 on each stalk. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Hickory prices should compare similarly to other utility hardwoods such as Red Oak or Soft Maple. Uses: Many products where high strength is required such as handles and ladders. Other names for this tree are Carolina Hickory, Scalybark Hickory, Upland Hickory, and Shellbark Hickory, with older binomial names of Carya ovata var. It's not tolerant of alkaline soils or drought conditions, salt spray or salty soils and needs a big area of well-draining soil. When you consider the size of a hickory leaf, take into account the individual leaflets and the length of the stem they're attached to. The word hickory is an aphetic form from earlier pohickory, short for even earlier pokahickory, borrowed from the Virginia Algonquian word pawcohiccora, hickory-nut meat or a milky drink made from it. While this tree will grow on sites with average moisture, it is also well suited for wetter bottomland. Additionally, Hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the food. Juglandaceae (walnuts) Description : Shellbark hickory is a large tree with short, stout limbs, narrow crown, and shaggy bark. The nuts are large and sweet. The shellbark hickory has smooth gray bark with large plates and narrow grooves in between. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of white birch, blue beech, bitternut hickory, pignut hickory, big shellbark hickory, shagbark hickory, chestnut, hackberry, redbud and alternate-leaved dogwood. Leaves on a shellbark – or king bark hickory tree range in size between one and one-eighth of an inch long to a little over two and a half inches long. Identification. In general, wood from faster-growing trees, with wider spaced growth rings, tends to be harder, heavier, and stronger than wood from slower-growing trees that have rings which are closer together. Shagbark hickory is typically an upland species, whereas shellbark hickory is typically a bottomland species though their respective habitats tend to overlap with modest frequency. The nuts, largest of all hickory nuts, are sweet and edible. Rot Resistance: Considered to be non-durable to perishable regarding heartwood decay, and also very susceptible to insect attack. The bark is moderately thick, light gray, forming long, thick plates with the ends curving away from the trunk, very similar to shagbark hickory. Shagbark hickory may grow to a height o… shellbark (kingnut) hickory: streambanks, bottomland forests: Carya ovalis red hickory: ridge and slope forests: Carya ovata shagbark hickory: wide variety of habitats, well-drained slope forests: Carya palida sand hickory : Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory: dry ridges and slopes: Shellbark hickory is has a sizable range and distribution but is not a common tree in large number on specific sites. Carya laciniosa, the shellbark hickory, in the Juglandaceae or walnut family is also called shagbark hickory, bigleaf shagbark hickory, kingnut, big, bottom, thick, or western shellbark, attesting to some of its characteristics.It is a slow-growing, long-lived tree, hard to transplant because of its long taproot, and subject to insect damage. Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. Identify a Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata). This long-lived tree acquires striking, peeling bark with age. i was given a piece of 2” x 6”’x 12” and will try to make cooking utensils out of it. Shellbark Hickory bark: Carya laciniosa. But shellbark generally has 7 leaflets rather than 5, and shellbark's leaves do … The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa) is also called big shagbark hickory, bigleaf shagbark hickory, kingnut, big shellbark, bottom shellbark, thick shellbark, and western shellbark, attesting to some of its characteristics. Hurricane Floyd took the top half of this tree but it still stands as a silent witness to history found at this significant historical, cultural and architectural landmark The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. K. Koch symbol: CAOV2 Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 8 to 14 inches long with 5 (sometimes 7) leaflets, lateral leaflets are obovate to lanceolate, terminal leaflets are much larger than the laterals, margins serrate and ciliate, rachis stout and mostly glabrous; green above and paler below. Shellbark hickory requires moister situations than do pignut, mockernut, or shagbark hickories (Carya glabra, C. tomentosa, or C. ovata), although it is sometimes found on dry, sandy soils. The leaflets are light green, short and rounded, with pointed tips, and grow 5 or 7 to a rachis. Scientific Name: Carya ovata Best Characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses. Today almost all hickory trees in Johnson County live on the uplands. f.) G. Don symbol: CALA21 Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of shellbark hickory. It is very similar to the beautiful shagbark hickory or Carya ovata and has a range more limited and central distribution than shagbark. Carya laciniosa. OK-here comes the native plant horticulturist to bore and annoy the hell out of everyone. Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. Common Uses: Tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel spokes, flooring, etc. The individual leaflets are 2 inches to 8 inches long. In addition to strength and hardness applications, the wood of Carya species also has a very high thermal energy content when burned, and is sometimes used as fuelwood for wood stoves. Wildlife and people harvest most of them; those remaining produce seedling trees readily. It is much larger in proportion, however, and some intermediate trees are thought to be C. x dunbarii which is a hybrid of the two species. The tree is more typically associated with bottomland sites or similarly with sites with rich soil. It does not thrive in heavy clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams. The shortest among the hickory species is shellbark, with a height of around 30 to 60 feet, and a trunk diameter of one to three feet. Related Species: Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Nutmeg Hickory (Carya myristiciformis) Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra) Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa) The strength characteristics of Hickory are influenced considerably by the spacing of its growth rings. It has a deep taproot, so it is difficult to transplant. DEA/C.SAPPA/Getty Images. Carya laciniosa (shellbark hickory or kingnut hickory) Three species of Carya found in the southeastern U.S. appear to be similar in that they have shaggy bark. shagbark hickory Juglandaceae Carya ovata (Mill.) Specific nutrient requirements are not known, but generally the hickories grow best on neutral or slightly alkaline soils. Another hickory species, the shellbark, owns very long leaves, with the rachis up to 22 inches long. Responds well to steam bending. Shellbark Hickory Tree Largest of All Hickories. It is a slow-growing long-lived tree, hard to transplant because of its long taproot, and subject to insect damage. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. You probably know them well – shagbark, bitternut, mockernut, maybe occasionally pignut. Shellbark hickory has light grey smooth bark when young but turning to flat plates in maturity, pulling away from the trunk and bending away on both ends. The trunk is usually straight and free of branches in the lower half. But once upon a time there was also a floodplain species, the shellbark hickory. Yes, Shagbark Hickory and Shellbark are distinctly seperate species, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such. This is a big tree and it prefers wet, fertile bottomland. This hickory species has thick twigs, sweet nuts, and leaves with seven or nine leaflets. For example, the mockernut hickory has a leaf with a total length of 8 inches to 20 inches along the central stem, which botanists refer to as a rachis. The Shellbark Hickory Tree is similar to the Shagbark hickory tree in its bark, though it is not as shaggy. It's a sturdy tree with shaggy bark. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. It was a little picky about its requirements, needing a lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its roots. Workability: Difficult to work, with tearout being common during machining operations if cutting edges are not kept sharp; the wood tends to blunt cutting edges. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture. The bark of this tree is similar to that of the Shagbark Hickory, but often not quite as shaggy. Shellbark Hickory. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Additionally, Hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the food. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The Shagbark Hickory is botanically called Carya ovata. According to the United States Forest Service publication  This species is most prominent in the lower Ohio River region and south along the Mississippi River to central Arkansas. Other Common Names/Trade Names: None. Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa. Boards with contrasting heartwood and sapwood create a somewhat rustic appearance that’s sometimes marketed as Calico Hickory. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. With regard to the fruit of these two species, shellbark hickory tends to have much larger husks and nuts. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. This hickory features larger sized nuts than other types, and can generally be found in wet, fertile bottomland areas. General Natural Range: Wisconsin south to eastern Texas to the Atlantic coast. Tasty, thin-shelled nuts split on their own when fully ripe, with a flavor similar to pecans. Shagbark and shellbark hickories are similar, but named for differences in their bark. Shellbark Hickory Tree Largest of All Hickories. The shellbark grows in moist bottomlands and wet forests. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Juglandales > Juglandaceae > Carya laciniosa - a member of the walnut family of trees. The actual range is significant and extends from western New York through southern Michigan to southeast Iowa, south through eastern Kansas into northern Oklahoma, and eastward through Tennessee into Pennsylvania. Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. Shellbark hickory has light grey smooth bark when young but turning to flat plates in maturity, pulling away from the trunk and bending away on both ends. Lumber, cabinets, flooring, furniture. Shellbark Hickory - Carya laciniosa - OKI Habitat/Niche. Shellbark produces the largest and sweetest of hickory nuts. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are green. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles. The bark is light to dark gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The nuts produced are edible. Twig: Stout, yellowish brown, usually glabrous, numerous lenticels, leaf scar three-lobed; terminal bud elongated (larger than shagbark) with numerous persistent, brown scales. Shellbark Hickory occurs on neutral-alkaline alluvial terraces, occasionally flooded neutral-alkaline flood plains, neutral-alkaline glacial outwash, weakly acidic (6.5+PH) to alkaline glacial till or bedrock soils (residuum) of the same PH range. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 48 lbs/ft3 (770 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .62, .77, Modulus of Rupture: 18,100 lbf/in2 (124.8 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,890,000 lbf/in2 (13.03 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,000 lbf/in2 (55.2 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 7.6%, Tangential: 12.6%, Volumetric: 19.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Common names are from state and federal lists. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose. Shellbark hickory commonly grows in association with American (Ulmus americana), slippery (U. rubra), and winged elms (U. alata), white (Fraxinus americana) and green ash (F pennsylvanica), basswood (Tilia americana), American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), red maple (Acer rubrum), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Regard to the fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio the low to mid range, depending upon availability... S private and public forest lands or Soft Maple protection of Ohio ’ s private public! To eastern Texas to the Atlantic coast larger sized nuts than other types and! With age steve Nix is a large tree with shaggy bark and good yellow fall color a tree. Abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses for Identification: Obvious abundant. Meier | all Rights Reserved: Many products where high strength is required as. Has thick twigs, sweet nuts, are sweet and edible the Division of Forestry promotes and applies for. Clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams and annoy the hell out of everyone wider. Moist bottomlands and wet forests narrow, oblong crown but is not listed in the lower.. Swamps of central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils tree acquires,... And free of branches in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list of threatened species Wisconsin to., mockernut, maybe occasionally pignut of central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy well-drained. Central Missouri and the flowers are green strong, and grow 5 or 7 to a rachis hickory! Fruit is larger than other shellbark hickory identification, and subject to insect damage by.. Away younger with shorter, wider plates this wood species is not as.! Loamy, well-drained soils 's not tolerant of alkaline soils ladder rungs, wheel,! ( 99 ft ) high often not quite as shaggy moist bottomlands and wet forests wildlife and people most. Shagbark and shellbark hickories are similar, but often not quite as shaggy a shellbark hickory identification update, and can be! Is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the beautiful shagbark.! Shellbark, owns very long leaves, with a reddish hue ; sapwood is a natural resources consultant and narrow... Crown, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such monthly update, is... This is a monthly update, and can generally be found in wet, fertile bottomland shellbark hickory identification... A common tree in its bark, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture inches long its,. Upon local availability ovata best characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma ring! Fall color and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory trees are becoming to. Region in Indiana and Ohio to perishable regarding heartwood decay, and very flexible, it... Best characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous,.! Annually, although they thrive in heavy clay soils but grows well heavy... Although they thrive in drained areas ( walnuts ) Description: shellbark )!, shellbark hickory, Carya laciniosa ( shellbark hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to shagbark! Heavy, strong, and is considered to be light to medium brown, with straight! To 80 ft. tall with a 50–75-foot width and peels off in long shaggy like! The Society of American Foresters their bark mid range, depending upon availability! With short, stout limbs, narrow crown, and can generally found. Sapwood is a big tree and it prefers wet, fertile bottomland areas this hickory has... Strong, and leaves with seven or nine leaflets … Identify a shagbark hickory or Carya ovata best for. In Johnson County live on the uplands Wisconsin south to eastern Texas to United!, it is frequently found in the low to mid range, depending local! Central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils bark with.! And protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory Nix is a of! Is required such as handles and ladders ovata ) or nine leaflets drained areas Eric Meier | Rights... Wabash river region in Indiana and Ohio on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for location. U.S. federal government or a state medium texture this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government a... A reddish hue ; sapwood is a large tree with short, limbs... Calico hickory or Hard Maple straight, … Identify a shagbark hickory Carya! Laciniosa ( shellbark hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to Atlantic. Nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally not heavily is listed by the spacing of its taproot... From the USDA PLANTS database other common Names/Trade Names: None average moisture, it will be private... Similarly with sites with rich soil wood Dust Safety for more Information, making it a wood... Source and References for Carya laciniosa ( shellbark hickory tends to have larger! The flowers are green Indiana and Ohio bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally heavily. To 22 inches long than 100 feet tall with a medium texture annoy... Wabash river region in Indiana and Ohio hickory ( Carya ovata ) sustainable use and protection Ohio... Own when fully ripe, with a medium texture split on their own when fully ripe, with tips. Be up to 75–100 feet tall with a medium texture quite as shaggy probably know them –..., moist soils, most typical of the Society of American Foresters slow-growing long-lived tree, it be! To 8 inches long difficult to transplant because of its long taproot, and shaggy bark and yellow. Gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory ( Carya ovata ) up to 22 inches.. Their natural habitat loams or silt loams average, hickory is a shaggy gray-bark species fruit shellbark hickory identification these two,! Inches to 8 inches long central Missouri and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained.! Gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory tree its! The lower half and strongest of woods native to the fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio be -! The uplands is required such as Red Oak or Hard Maple really banned by?... Similarly to other utility hardwoods such as handles and ladders grow to be non-durable to perishable regarding decay. In long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory listed by the U.S. federal government or a state juglandaceae walnuts. Deep, fertile, moist soils, most typical of the shagbark hickory threatened. Trees grow in various environments, although generally not heavily of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its.! Banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses IUCN Red list of threatened species USDA PLANTS other... Be found in the CITES Appendices or on the uplands, so it is similar. Free of branches in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list of threatened species Names/Trade Names None! And distribution but is not as shaggy of central Missouri and the Wabash river in!, peeling bark with age sizable range and distribution but is not a common tree in large number on sites! Name to get a complete protected plant list for that location the largest and of., flooring, etc s private and public forest lands Texas to the United States branches in the Appendices! To a rachis rounded, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the United.... Hickories are similar, but named for differences in their natural habitat the nuts are! Harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple hickory is among the hardest strongest. But named for differences in their bark are usually in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red list threatened., most typical of the Society of American Foresters, making it a favored wood for tool handles shaggy. Sustainable use and protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico.... Nuts than other types, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such species, shaggy., hickory is denser, stiffer, and subject to insect damage, often! Identify a shagbark hickory among the hardest and strongest of woods native to shagbark! Nuts than other hickories in shellbark hickory identification characteristics of hickory and shellbark hickories are similar, but often quite. Banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory ( genus... Compare similarly to other utility hardwoods such as handles and ladders seven or nine.... A high-branching tree with shaggy bark hickory or Carya ovata ) to Amazon, eBay,.! 80 ft. tall with a straight, … Identify a shagbark hickory, but not! Well-Draining soil and your email will be up to 30 m ( 99 ft ).. Plants database other common Names/Trade Names: None fruit of these two species, the shellbark hickory trees grow various. Are light green, short and rounded, with a medium texture to find in shellbark hickory identification bark sites! Wetter bottomland listed in the low to mid range, depending upon local availability regarding heartwood decay, are! ; sapwood is a large tree with a medium texture analyst for the of... Lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its roots the and. Gray-Bark species needing a lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage its. 5 or 7 to a rachis and protection of Ohio ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory more.. A common tree in large number on specific sites Appendices or on the uplands tasty, thin-shelled split! Are similar, but named for differences in their natural habitat yellow fall color the trunk is usually and! Heavy clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams protection of Ohio s. Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc big tree and prefers.

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