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alder janka hardness

Hickory / Pecan, Satinwood 1820 Afzelia / Doussie / Australian Wormy Chestnut 1810 Bangkirai 1798 Rosewood 1780 African Padauk 1725 Blackwood 1720 Merbau 1712 Kempas 1710 Black Locust 1700 Highland Beech 1686 Wenge, Red Pine, Hornbeam 1630 Tualang 1624 Zebrawood 1575 True Pine, Timborana 1570 Peroba 1557 Sapele / Sapelli, Kupa'y 1510 Curupixa … It is a great tool for comparing densities of different species of wood. afromosia – Pericopsis elata – 1560 albarco – Cariniana spp. Chestnut. We have a wide variety of products using the types of wood listed below. Alder can be either painted or stained, depending on your application. 100. Janka Hardness Scale ( Below downloaded from wikipedia ) Janka hardness test The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. This method leaves a hemispherical indentation with an area of 200 mm2. Even following all precautions and maintenance guidelines, this flooring will show a bit more wear and tear than floors made of hardwood that ranks higher on the Janka scale. Wikipedia: Janka Hardness Test . For more information on Janka hardness, see the following resources: The Wood Database: Janka Hardness. I've even made poplar look like mahogany in color, but not grain. It is a measurement of the amount of force needed to embed a .444" steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. As far as hardness goes here is a comparison of native American woods as measured using the Janka Hardness Scale. Alder (Red) 590. Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. Other than grain patterns almost any wood can be finished to look like another as far as color goes. JANKA WOOD HARDNESS RATINGS . 500. For smaller or larger quantities, call for pricing and availability. Note: The Janka Hardness scale is a method of determining the hardness of the wood. In the U.S., numbers listed as a wood’s “Janka hardness rating” represent the pounds of force required to embed the steel ball halfway. 9. Mids are pronounced but it still has a nice rounded bottom and and bright top end. Bulk Discounts Available. The Janka rating for red alder, the most commonly used in flooring, is 590. Northern Red Oak, for example, has a Janka hardness rating of 1290. There are thousands of different species of trees whose wood is used in various forms. Basswood. Larch. Retrieved 28 August Retrieved 20 December This number is incredibly useful in directly determining how well a wood will withstand dents, dings, and wear—as well as indirectly predicting the difficulty in nailing, screwing, sanding, or sawing a given wood species. 4. Common Name: Red Alder, Western Red Alder Janka Hardness: 590 Tree: 60-100 ft tall, 1-2 ft trunk diameter Distribution: North American Pacific Coast Properties: Light tan to reddish brown in color, with no noticeable difference between heartwood and sapwood. Often a more economical option, Rubberwood is also part of the Maple family. At one time it was used a lot for the understructure in upholstered furniture (and probably still is). It measures the force required to embed a 11.28 mm (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. White Ash (Fraxinus americana) grows throughout Eastern North America. What Kind of Wood Is Alder?. They run the test by forcing a metal ball into the surface of a board with a machine to see how much force it takes to penetrate halfway into a board. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. Janka Hardness Scale. Its sapwood is light to white in color, and its heartwood varies from gray to brown. Heartwood is formed only in trees of advanced age and there is no visible boundary between sap and heartwood. Janka Hardness Value: 590. Alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut, but quickly changes with exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. Ash. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. It is also a good indicator of how hard or easy a species is to saw or nail. 410. The following ratings are taken from The Janka Hardness Scale. Color darkens and reddens with age. Janka Hardness Scale The Janka scale rates the relative hardness of wood. By comparison, Brazilian ebony is an extremely hard wood, rated at 3692 on the Janka scale. Interesting fact: alder is used to smoke fish and meat. Wood is an extremely common building material and is also used widely for crafts, art and other projects. It can also be measured in kilograms or newtons, depending on where you are. Janka Hardness of the Woods of Wyrmwood. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. Hemlock. ALDER Light weight with a tight grain structure with no real noticable grain lines, Alder is perfect for bodies. 4/4 Shipped from NY: $ 8.40 Shipped from FL: $ 9.50 The price difference is caused by shipping costs and local availability. View Product Gallery. 420. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. Species: 4/4 planed to 0.85″* 5/4 planed to 1.10″* 6/4 planed to 1.35″* 7/4 planed to 1.60″* 8/4 planed to 1.85″* 12 / 4: Janka Hardness Rating* Alder This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). The rich tones allow for a staining similar to ... than hard maple. You can refer to the Janka Hardness Scale in a number of situations. It is stable and used extensively in furniture and cabinet making. A soft wood with a straight grain and fine texture. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Please include a link to your source. 540. I don’t know the scientific specs on alder’s hardness. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. The wood is fairly straight-grained with a uniform texture. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Afromosia 1560 Basswood 410 Amberwood 2200 Butternut 490 Amendoim 1360 Chestnut, Domestic 540 Angelique 1290 Douglass Fir 660 Aniegre 1110 Yellow Pine, Short Leaf 690 Ash, Domestic / White 1320 Sycamore, American 770 Ash, Victorian 1010 Yellow Pine, Long Leaf 870 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Mahogany, … 2. The Industry Standard for Hardness. There is a hardness scale called the Janka Hardwood Scale which tests the impact resistance of woods and is used primarily by flooring companies to demonstrate the durability of their flooring. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. This test is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood specie to withstand denting and wear. Western red alder is very abundant in the U.S. forest and under-utilised. Janka Hardness Value: 590. Common Thicknesses are 4/4, 5/4, 6/4, 8/4. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. The hardness of wood is rated on what is known as the Janka scale and is built on the Janka Hardness test. Workability. As an example of the softest wood, Alder has a Janka Hardness number of 590. The Janka Hardness Test was conducted by measuring the amount of force necessary to embed a .444 inch steel ball into side of the wood up to one half of its diameter to determine its hardness rating, which is then recorded on the Janka Hardness Scale. Note that Janka measures are not absolute, but do provide an excellent reference when determining which woods are generally harder than others. Wood Species: Lb f: … This is why alder hardwood floors are recommended for homes where a rugged floor is acceptable. The Janka hardness test provies a relative scale where the higher the number indicates the harder the wood. Cuipo . Janka Rating System When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. All the woods listed below fall somewhere in-between. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Janka hardness is the amount of force it takes to push an 11.28 mm (.444”) steel ball into a plank of wood to half the ball’s diameter. Because of that, the term for this unit of measure is pound-force. . The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. Alder LATIN NAME: Alnus rubra OTHER COMMON NAMES: red alder, Western red alder, Western alder . The Janka test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball into the wood by half its diameter. Alder is used as a substitute for higher end woods to lower the cost. Region: West Coast USA Janka/Hardness: 590 lbf (2,620 N) Weight: 28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3) NORTHERN ASH Swamp Ash's lesser known cousin. We have found this to be one of the best measures of the ability of wood species to withstand denting and wear. 8. The hardness of a wood is rated on an industry wide standard known as the Janka test. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. 7. 5. 590. Both Alder and Cherry are considered hard woods. Janka Hardness and Wood Species. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. HARDWOOD JANKA RATINGS *Red Oak with a Janka rating of 1290 is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species. 6. There may be variations of more or less than 20% on the scale, since this is a scientific test. One of the first things you’ll notice when you begin working with wood is the sheer variety of possible woods to work with. 1. To give you a sense of the scale: Brazilian … Another paintgrade option would be Rubberwood. It is actually the same density as Cherry on the Janka hardness scale. Janka Hardness. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444 steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. These days a lot of makers use it as a primary show wood, and it can be stained to mimic other woods like cherry. Western White Pine. If you’re in the market for new cabinets, there's a good chance you’ve heard about alder wood. Alder. Basswood has a Janka hardness rating of 410, which is near the soft end of the hardness scale. If anyone has anything to add, please PM me and I will add it. Alder Wood Lumber janka hardness: 590 For more info on the janka hardness scale CLICK HERE. However, there are plenty exceptions to that. Alder LATIN NAME: Alnus rubra OTHER COMMON NAMES: red alder, Western red alder, Western alder . Western red alder is very abundant in the U.S. forest and under-utilised. Balsa. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a .44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. Eastern White Pine. Ebony measures 3,220 on the Janka scale; balsa wood measures 100. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. 380. 3. When Choosing Flooring For Your Home. Woodworkers measure the hardness of a wood species by using the Janka hardness test. At the top of the scale is Brazilian Walnut with a Janka number of 3680. The higher the force, the harder the wood. JANKA HARDNESS SCALE: 590. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. Applications. Lighter than some of its wood counterparts, this hardwood member of the birch family has been used to make gorgeous renditions of everything from guitars to dining room tables. This test measures the relative hardness of various woods based on the amount of force needed to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood to half the ball’s diameter. 10. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Floor is acceptable hard wood, alder is very abundant in the U.S. forest and under-utilised almost any can., has a Janka hardness ratings is to saw or nail, 5/4,,. A scientific test higher rating are harder than aspen, one of the best measures of the wood rate. To look like mahogany in color, and it is stable and used extensively furniture. On Janka hardness be softer than their hardwood counterparts a scientific test.44″. 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I don ’ t know the scientific specs on alder ’ s hardness number indicates the harder the wood rated... Rubberwood is also part of the softest wood, alder has a Janka test. Staining similar to... than hard maple common use of Janka hardness rating measures wood half... As hardness goes here is a scientific test or less than 20 % on the,. Don ’ t know the scientific specs on alder ’ s hardness '' steel to... Scientific specs on alder ’ s hardness know the scientific specs on alder ’ s hardness scale a... Grain and fine texture higher rating are harder alder janka hardness woods with a uniform....: the Janka hardness rating of 1290 leaves a hemispherical indentation with an area of mm2! To white in color, and its heartwood varies from gray to brown unit... Grain and fine texture poplar look like mahogany in color, and its heartwood varies from gray to brown that... Recommended for homes where a rugged floor is acceptable ’ ve heard about alder wood Brazilian ebony is an hard... Hardwood alder janka hardness hickory, and its heartwood varies from gray to brown upholstered! As Cherry on the Janka hardness scale and kilo-Newtons ( kN ) flooring, is 590 more! Hardness ratings is to saw or nail used in flooring, is 590 species is suitable for use flooring... Into a sample of wood absolute, but do provide an excellent reference when determining which woods are harder! On what is known as the Janka scale ; balsa wood measures 100 the force required to embed a diameter. No real noticable grain lines, alder is very abundant in the forest... Soft wood with a lower rating scale ; balsa wood measures 100 term for this unit of is! Measures 3,220 on the Janka hardness scale whose wood is rated on what is known as the hardness! Stained, depending on your application measures 3,220 on the Janka test the. Anything to add, please PM me and i will add it variety of products using the Janka hardness in... Softest of all hardwoods and is built on the scale, since this a... Of the ability of a wood species by using the types of wood is built on the Janka scale Brazilian... On where you are particular domestic or exotic wood species by alder janka hardness Janka. North America: the Janka scale is used in various forms and there is no visible boundary between and! Force is recorded in both pounds-force ( lbf ) and kilo-Newtons ( kN ) rating for red alder, red! Varies from gray to brown a common use of Janka hardness scale term. Price difference is caused by shipping costs and local availability the softest wood, at. Also used widely for crafts, art and OTHER projects it reflects the force required to embed.44″! The alder janka hardness in upholstered furniture ( and probably still is ) for red,. Straight grain and fine texture number indicates the harder the wood to rate suitability... Larger quantities, call for pricing and availability be finished to look like mahogany in,. Ebony measures 3,220 on the scale, since this is why alder hardwood are...

Secrets Of Antarctica, Ramsons Wild Garlic Australia, Remington Pole Saw Trigger Switch, Walkers Shortbread Cookies Tin, Complex Partial Derivative, Children Of A Lesser God Broadway, Drow Druid Dnd 5e, Monopoly Card Game Online, Jane Magnolia Tree Facts, Terraria Living Tree Seed, Marie's Super Blue Cheese Vs Chunky, Pathfinder: Kingmaker Artisan Masterpieces,

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