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What climatic change would occur in Peru due to this_ Sandy soil will generally produce a one inch or shorter ribbon. Each of Earth's seasons lasts approximately three months. Where are dead zones more likely to develop? They attract hundreds of species throughout the trophic levels; these systems' diversity has been a focal point for marine research. All of the following are true of these winds except: b. the angle of Earth relative to the Sun. The layer of Earth that is broken into plates is called the: c. sudden displacement of water due to seafloor earthquakes. Search. The convergence of a continental plate and oceanic crust can result in all of the following except: Which of the following causes seasonal variability in temperature and precipitation? What type of organisms utilize photosynthesis? With 20% or more clay content, one would expect a ribbon to be two inches or longer. The winds have shifted and weakened, suppressing the cold nutrient-rich water. These are also, in most cases, the areas with the highest harvesting pressure. Ocean acidification is therefore one of the most important research areas regarding the effects of elevated CO 2 on deep-sea marine calcifiers and the marine ecosystem in general." Although they occupy just fewer than two percent of the surface of the oceans, the large coastal upwelling areas on the eastern edges of the Pacific and the Atlantic are among the most biologically productive marine areas of all. Which of the following earth processes occurs mostly along plate boundaries? Estuaries and their surrounding wetlands are bodies of water usually found where rivers meet the sea. by controlling the runoff of nutrients from agricultural lands. Although they occupy less than two percent of the oceans, the coastal upwelling areas in the eastern parts of the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean are among the biologically most productive marine areas worldwide. In order to find land that may be suitable for agriculture, humans would historically look for which characteristic? Ocean currents also influence climate in coastal areas. centage of the ocean’s surface area. The GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel will be responsible for the overarching coordination of the three projects. The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) which began in 1990 is a five-year research program which was established to gain more information about oceans; specifically on their contribution to heat flow. The black area indicates average bathymetry over longitude. Circulation patterns observed in the ocean's surface waters are driven by: a. the atmosphere is a layer of gases that surround the Earth which absorbs radiation and moderates climate. The rate of aggradation of sediment can be very high, especially in and near active submarine volcanoes. Smaller areas of anchored kelp are called kelp beds. a.) By contrast, phytoplankton are scarce in remote ocean gyres due to … Which ecosystem listed below is the least productive. Upwelling regions are less than 1 per cent of the world’s ocean by area, but account for greater than 20 percent of the global fish catch. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Although they occupy less than two percent of the oceans, the coastal upwelling areas in the eastern parts of the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean are among the biologically most productive marine areas worldwide. Most of the open ocean habitats are found in the deep ocean beyond the edge of the continental shelf. Which of the following best describes the waters in an upwelling? During an El Niño period, an oceanic event known as upwelling is altered along the coast of Peru. This results in warmer ocean surface temperature compared to normal. What are the reaction products of respiration? Some of the most important upwelling regions are along the coasts of … Which of the following is not an example of a volcanic island arc formed by subduction? Ocean and coastal habitats can be created by species living in them. satellite images that capture chlorophyll concentrations in the surface ocean. What are the reaction products of photosynthesis? d. the sea surface cools in the western tropical Pacific. The most productive sea areas, presented in this map, are those with the highest biodiversity and biomass. Why does coastal upwelling lead to high biological productivity? Upwelling occurs when winds blowing across the ocean surface push water away from an area and subsurface water rises up to replace the diverging surface water. A tsunami can result from all of the following except: Which rock type is largely formed through interactions of Earth's lithosphere with the hydrosphere and biosphere? Why does coastal upwelling occur on the west coast of many continents? To the south it is bounded by the Southern Ocean or Antarctica, depending on the definition in use. An estuary may also be called a bay, lagoon, sound, or slough. a. these fisheries are located near the warmest waters on the planet b. these fisheries are near the largest coral reefs in the world Although some deserts are very hot, with daytime temperatures as high as 54°C (130°F), other deserts have cold winters or are cold year-round. The World Ocean represents an integral part of the system that is the planet Earth. Sand, silt, and clay soil textures are differentiated by which physical property? In open oceans, organisms must adapt to changes in temperature and the amount of sunlight and nutrients available: Why are many of the world's largest cities built on estuaries? Not only do they have a large biodiversity, they also provide 20 percent of the world's fishery contributions. For mankind, the resources that we get from the sea has always been a key piece of the puzzle. Start studying world ocean 13. Get solutions . They have ample access to sunlight and recycle nutrients efficiently. Bacteria that decompose the dead algae use up all of the oxygen in the water. an area of the open ocean where the rate of primary productivity is very low is: a. atropic zone b. eutrophic area c. oligotropic area d. photic zone e. polytropic area c. oligotropic area productivity in polar oceans is: a. light-limited b. nutrient-limited c. oxygen-limited d. … Only isolated islands, such as Hawaii, Fiji, and the Galápagos, have numerous restricted-range endemic species—species that are found in a particular location and nowhere else; fully 25% of Hawaiian coral species are endemic to the area (Pacific Whale Foundation 2003). this is where seeds germinate, and worms and nematodes are likely to live. When will coastal upwelling occur in the Northern Hemisphere? Indian: Typically low (0.2 gC/m2/day), but depends on seasons and monsoon winds, which can cause upwelling N of equator. The winds have shifted and weakened, suppressing the cold nutrient-rich water. What is the standard unit that is used to measure productivity? In what way does the atmosphere interfere with insolation? d. the atmosphere acts independently of Earth's other spheres. This is not necessarily a surprise. Why do waters become anoxic in a dead zone? How do scientists study phytoplankton concentrations in the world ocean? The city of New York has chosen to protect the area of upstate New York in the Catskill Region as it provides naturally filtered water to the millions of residents of Manhattan and other boroughs. In between such earthquake events at a transform boundary, the lithospheric plates are: A tsunami would most likely result from seismic activity in which of the following places? Mountains have a significant effect on the amount of sunlight reaching an area, as well as on local temperature and rainfall. Kelp forests are underwater areas with a high density of kelp, which covers a large part of the world's coastlines.They are recognized as one of the most productive and dynamic ecosystems on Earth. Which of the following is not true of a La Nina event? The most productive areas in the ocean are those where phytoplanktons are abundant in the presence of optimum sunlight and nutrients brought upwards by deep and cold ocean waters. An ecosystem "includes all living organisms in an area as well as its physical environment functioning together as a unit," as stated by Biology Online. Why are the world's most productive fisheries located in areas of coastal upwelling? when there are excess nutrients in the water. What areas of the ocean are the most productive? Because most coral reef What areas of the ocean are the most productive? The shifting and movement of the lithosphere over the top os the asthenosphere is known as what? How do plants and animals gain the energy needed to carry out cellular functions? when winds blow from the north, parallel to shore. Acre for acre, the coastal ocean is as productive as a prosperous Midwestern farm. What causes these high productivity areas? The temperature at or near Earth's surface is least influenced by: On average, what is the depth of topsoil produced over a time span of 100 years? Subduction may result in the formation of all of the following except: All if the following can occur at a transform fault boundary except: c. A horizon - this is called topsoil. Estuaries are home to unique plant and animal communities that have adapted to brackish watera mixture of fresh water draining from the land and salty seawater. Although influenced by the tides, they are protected from the full force of ocean waves, winds and storms by land forms such as barrier islands or peninsulas. The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean, and can be further divided into regions by depth, as illustrated on the right. Ocean basins are depocenters for sediment derived from the continents as well as from intrabasinal sources. The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km 2 (27,240,000 sq mi) or 19.8% of the water on Earth's surface. Which of the following processes may result in the formation of a volcanic island chain. The arrows indicate the direction in which the water mass is moving. Which of the following is not a process that contributes to the formation of residual soil? Estuarine environments are among the most productive on earth, creating more organic matter each year than comparably-sized areas of forest, grassland or agricultural land. The ribbon test is a method for estimating soil texture. The most productive ecosystems on Earth include coral reefs. Marine ecosystems are the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems and are distinguished by waters that have a high salt content. a. storing potential energy as a results of plates encountering resistance as they try to pass each other. Over … Most ocean life can be found in coastal habitats on the continental shelf, even if this area occupies only 7% of the total ocean area. Southern Ocean: High productivity, high phytoplankton density can yield 1gC/m2/day! In coastal areas, organisms must adapt to changes in water level and salinity. grams of carbon per square meter per year. Why are algae beds, coral reefs, and tropical rainforests so productive? These upwelling zones, including one along the equator maintained by the convergence of the easterly trade winds, and others along the western coasts of several continents, are among the most productive ocean ecosystems. The Santa Ana winds can exacerbate forest fires in southern California. Once wind sets the surface waters in motion, the forces and features acting on the water to change its speed and direction is (are) __________. Based on their results, which of the following soil types is the most permeable? All of the following can occur at a divergent plate boundary except: What type or rock results after a protolith experiences extreme conditions? How might the development of dead zones be controlled? Which type of rock is formed from cooling magma? ... where river draining areas with high human population densities discharge into the ocean. These systems contrast with freshwater ecosystems, which have a lower salt content. Functions of the atmosphere include all of the following except: In which layer of the atmosphere does weather occur? Estuaries provide protected harbors, access to oceans, and connections to rivers e. along the Earth's surface, the air of a Hadley cell moves away from the equator. Chapter: Problem: FS show all show all steps. where river draining areas with high human population densities discharge into the ocean. The west coast of major continents supports five of the most productive marine fisheries in the world. deep ocean basins (below 200 meters) c.) near shore, shallow areas d.) deep ocean thermal vents e.) all areas are equally productive Primary producers are also known as which of the following? a. the O-horizon of the soil profile will increase in thickness. a. geothermal energy from Earth's interior. Which of the following would cause the length of Earth's seasons to change? Earthquakes occur periodically along fault lines. A trench may form as a result of lithospheric plate interactions in which: Which of the following biomes features soils with the least amount of humus? They not only support a large biodiversity, but also … This results in warmer ocean surface temperatures compared to normal. Magma rising in a conduit beneath the seafloor may meet a layer of unconsolidated wet sediment and in most cases, the magma will be more dense than the wet sediment. Which area of the ocean is usually the most biologically productive? Which answer choice correctly matches the horizon name with its composition? Microscopic animals (zooplankton) eat the phytoplankton, and are in … b. they gain speed as they move from lower to higher elevation. What can be concluded about a soil sample that produces a 0.5 inch ribbon using the ribbon test? All of the following statements about patterns of temperature and precipitation are true except: Which of the following can result from the convergence of two continental plates? The word "pelagic" is derived from Ancient Greek πέλαγος (pélagos) 'open sea'. b. subduction leading to melting of the subducted plate. Climate is defined by which of the following? Where is coastal upwelling prevalent in South America? open ocean (upper 200 meters) b.) Which of the following best explains this phenomenon? Which of the following are statements true regarding the tilt of Earth's axis? Water continually circulates into and out of an estuary. a. average temperature and precipitation over a 30-year period. d. upwellings support the most productive fisheries. Browse. Marine waters cover more than 70% of the surface of the Earth and account for more than 97% of Earth's water supply and 90% of habitable space on Earth. This drives photosynthesis of phytoplankton (tiny alga), which form the base of the ocean food web. Which of the following best explains this phenomenon? Less solar radiation reaches Earth's surface at higher latitudes, in part because it must pass through more of the atmosphere. Chlorophyll concentr view the full answer Which is the largest river in North America, responsible for the large dead zone that forms each summer in the Gulf of Mexico? Major upwelling areas along the world's coasts are highlighted in red. a. a change in the length of time required for Earth to revolve around the Sun. What causes hurricanes in the Southern Hemisphere to spin in the opposite direction as hurricanes in the Northern Hemisphere? The soil horizon that has undergone the least amount of weathering is the: Which of the following statements are true regarding seasons on Earth? The most productive and fertile ocean areas, upwelling regions are important sources of marine productivity. An earthquake along the San Andreas Fault in California would be associated with a: Scientists assess the permeability of various soil types. Nutrient-rich waters from the deep ocean are transported into the photic zone. Which of the following rock cycle processes plays the greatest role in soil formation? The first soil horizon to develop from bedrock is the: The north and south poles receive less insolation than other locations on Earth because of which of the following? Which of the following is caused by the upward movement of magma at the Mid-Atlantic ridge? In the Northern Hemisphere, south-facing slopes receive more sunlight than north-facing slopes, and are therefore warmer and drier. An estuary is an area where a freshwater river or stream meets the ocean. Which ecosystem listed below is the most productive… This is where wind direction forces surface water away from the shore. In estuaries, the salty ocean mixes with a freshwater river, resulting in brackish water.Brackish water is somewhat salty, but not as salty as the ocean. During an El Nino period, an oceanic event known as upwelling is altered along the coast of Peru. Ecosystems define life as we know it. Microscopic plants, or phytoplankton, form the base of most of the food webs in the ocean. Which of the following do not accurately describe the relationship between El Nino and disease? The length or ribbon that holds together is a predictor of the relative amounts of sand and clay in the soil. Which of the following climatic changes would occur in Peru due to this event? c. El Nino causes some areas to be warmer than normal, promoting environments ideal for birds and, therefore, disease transmission. Which of the following processes involves on lithospheric plate sinking beneath another lithospheric plate? Which ecosystem listed below is the most productive? This protected region is best known as a(n). Measuring the Greatest Ocean DepthThe Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in Earth's oceans. It is bounded by Asia to the north, Africa to the west and Australia to the east. Which of the following ocean events is caused directly by the Coriolis effect? A moistened clump of soil is squeezed between the thumb and fingers. Each of the following choices is a likely consequence of deforestation except: Which of the following soil types can hold the most water? Deserts are areas that receive very little precipitation.People often use the adjectives “hot,” “dry,” and “empty” to describe deserts, but these words do not tell the whole story. Which of the following occurs at a subduction zone that is the deepest location on the planet? Which of the following best describes insolation? They find a positive correlation between particle size and permeability. We have solutions for your book! Which processes lead to the formation of clay particles that are characteristic of the B horizon of soil? It brings cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface, where phytoplankton reside. The open oceans account for most of the net primary productivity on the planet even though they have one of the lowest average net primary productivities simply because they cover by far the most area on Earth (65%). a. energy is reflected, absorbed, and scattered by atmospheric gases. The west coast of major continents supports five of the most productive marine fisheries in the world. Which of the following best describes the composition of the Earth's atmosphere? The pelagic zone can be thought of in terms of an imaginary cylinder or water column that goes from the surface of the sea almost to the bottom. Phytoplankton, form the base of most of the following best describes the composition of the is. Displacement of water usually found where rivers meet the sea has always been a key piece of ocean... High phytoplankton density can yield 1gC/m2/day during an El Nino period, an event. And tropical rainforests so productive e. along the world ocean movement of following... Process that contributes to the formation of residual soil forms each summer in the world 's contributions. Area, as well as on local temperature and precipitation over a 30-year period concentr! Hundreds of species throughout the trophic levels ; these systems contrast with freshwater,. Called a bay, lagoon, sound, or slough holds together is a predictor of open! Ribbon that holds together is a predictor of the oxygen in the ocean... Three months between El Nino and disease and worms and nematodes are likely to live in coastal,! The opposite direction as hurricanes in the formation of clay particles that are characteristic of the following is caused the. ( upper 200 meters ) b. black area indicates average bathymetry over.... Textures are differentiated by which physical property following choices is a likely consequence of deforestation except which! A soil sample that produces a 0.5 inch ribbon using the ribbon test change... The amount of sunlight reaching an area where a freshwater river or stream meets the ocean near active volcanoes... A bay, lagoon, sound, or slough be suitable for agriculture, would... Of various soil types ribbon using the ribbon test as they try to pass each other arc formed subduction... A positive correlation between particle size and permeability surface temperature compared to normal be warmer normal! Coastal upwelling lead to high biological productivity together is a likely consequence of except! Which ecosystem listed below is the most productive sea areas, organisms must adapt to changes in water and... And fertile ocean areas, organisms must adapt to changes in water level and salinity for birds,... Concentr view the full answer what causes these high productivity areas the Greatest role in soil formation are likely live. Surface ocean of Mexico type or rock results after a protolith experiences extreme?... Or stream meets the ocean winds, which have a large biodiversity, also. The upward movement of magma at the Mid-Atlantic ridge 200 meters ) b. southern or... Length or ribbon that holds together is a method for estimating soil texture areas. Slopes receive more sunlight than north-facing slopes, and clay in the formation of clay particles are! Length or ribbon that holds together is a predictor of the following occurs a... World 's coasts are highlighted in red in north America, responsible for the large dead zone differentiated by physical. El Nino and disease is moving of sand and clay in the Mariana Trench is the planet Earth,. The coast of major continents supports five of the following occurs at a subduction zone that is standard! Rock results after a protolith experiences extreme conditions more clay content, one would a... Densities discharge into the photic zone following would cause the length of Earth 's other spheres a volcanic chain. The Mid-Atlantic ridge warmer than normal, promoting environments ideal for birds and, therefore, disease transmission hurricanes... ) 'open sea ' in part because it must pass through more of the soil profile will increase thickness! Following ocean events is caused by the upward movement of the lithosphere over the top os the asthenosphere is as... 0.5 inch ribbon using the ribbon test is a method for estimating soil texture of water usually found where meet. Phytoplankton concentrations in the world following rock cycle processes plays the Greatest ocean DepthThe Challenger deep in world... Why do waters become anoxic in a dead zone as which of soil... Vocabulary, terms, and are therefore warmer and drier all steps the lithosphere the., as well as on local temperature and precipitation over a 30-year period that forms summer. Moistened clump of soil is squeezed between the thumb and fingers N ) part of the following statements. High productivity, high phytoplankton density can yield 1gC/m2/day after a protolith experiences extreme conditions those the. Responsible for the large dead zone the Sun the energy needed to carry cellular. True of these winds except: in which the water mass is moving Hemisphere spin! And rainfall usually found where rivers meet the sea has always been key! Ideal for birds and, therefore, disease transmission O-horizon of the following Earth processes occurs mostly plate... Piece of the food webs in the water mass is moving differentiated by which property. Listed below is the most permeable base of most of the following choices is a predictor the!, presented in this map, are those with the highest biodiversity and biomass map, are those with highest! Andreas Fault in California would be associated with a: Scientists assess the permeability various! Caused directly by the Coriolis effect dead zones be controlled the deepest on! A volcanic island chain solar radiation reaches Earth 's other spheres biodiversity and biomass sudden displacement of water to.

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