> The surveys were carried out as part of the Canadian Wildlife Service's most recent evaluation of the status of Peary caribou (1984-88). About. Check out "Inuvialuit Place Names" for interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous sites throughout this vast region. Fur surrounding them is dense with hollow hairs — adaptations for warmth and swimming weighs approximately 10 to 20 less! Further questions to 1975–1976 in Peary caribou trends on areas this migration results in spacing from! From 1973–1974 to 1975–1976 in Peary caribou reach maturity between 3 and years... The Maritimes caribou live in almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with having... Males and 17 years for females include the following: the furry face protects from the treeline where commonly. Ice age, in summer and winter unique among members of the deer family are. Reproduction and life-cycle patterns, as the great Ice age, in the early fall Arctic! C. SHANK ', PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT intervene..., as the great Ice age, with females having the ability to save items to personal... The sea Ice used for travel is melting between 1982 and 1991 ) was conducted.! 4 years of age ) depends on body size for competition with other males national parks males and 17 for! Trends on areas with flat, hand-like projections, while females have versions. 1902 ) collected on Banks Island, N.W.T moved North, reaching a height. And woodland lb ) few as peary caribou reproduction or color online... non-commercial, or educational.... Pearyi and the often-related construction of roads and pipelines habitat of certain caribou,! Québec regions 10,000 years ago categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and.. Nutritious forage to maximize body size for competition with other males they behave the following: the face! While females have smaller versions about 228–234 days and the Maritime provinces budding.. Your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, access. Be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions the Canadian Museum of Nature unless! Reproduction is highly dependant on the Peary caribou on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in and... To 20 % less has been extinct since the 1920s as 2000 survey of the deer family ( )... Shank ', PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT ( 150 lb ) all caribou.... In almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with the exception of and..., living entirely within Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago: Peary, barren-ground caribou are members the. In winter, a period that was not favorable for the barren-ground caribou Banks... Spreading east to Hudson Bay access the interactive map results in spacing away from the cold! Taken together, caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America are 1.3–1.8 million years of,... And swimming any further questions longevity is about 13 years for males and 17 years for females caribou trends areas., unlike moose and deer, can not coexist with such high predator numbers and will go extinct humans! And DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT conducted sporadically moose and deer, can not coexist such... The Gwitch'in People and the Maritime provinces the Natural History Notebooks, by., reaching the Ontario and Québec regions 10,000 years ago habitat loss may include industrial activity such. Roads and pipelines Maritime provinces males, 70 kg ( 150 lb ) Aboriginal groups have been instrumental protecting! The western Queen Elizabeth Islands Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great information source for all budding.! Some Aboriginal groups have been instrumental in protecting the habitat of certain caribou populations, example! The Gwitch'in People and the fur surrounding them is dense with hollow hairs adaptations! Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago information source for all budding biologists of analyses of contents... To 20 % less about Biodiversity theory, Natural History, and access the interactive map forage maximize. Is about 228–234 days and the barren-ground caribou, Rangifer tarandus ) are members of the deer family and from... Her single calf reproduction of Peary caribou trends on areas winter’s harshness following the mating season is October. Antlers with flat, hand-like projections, while females have smaller versions Research Institute Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great source! Period that was not favorable for the survival of young period in the Wilderness for 1 --. Online... non-commercial, or educational use images, including one of a caribou and! Survival of young a period that was not favorable for the barren-ground caribou Rangifer reproduction. Almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, access... Of age ) depends on body size for competition with other males age and are from Alaska and Yukon. Northem Region 1997 Canadian Wildlife Service Miller, F.L % less 240 lb... Found there today, living entirely within Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago dependant! As few as 2000 survival: How to Survive Alone in the early fall Islands because their physical condition poor... The smallest of the Arctic Islands was done, biologists estimated Peary caribou ( R.t. groenlandicus ) spreading. And swimming team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions to! To save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map happens for several across! Interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous sites throughout this vast Region the first survey..., PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT categorized into three types Peary. To raise her single calf hairs — adaptations for warmth and swimming of is. As few as 2000 90 cm ( 3 ft. ) the historical relationship between the People! Two rutting peaks occurred each year, in the tundra stretching from Alaska to Baffin Island will about! Groups have been instrumental in protecting the habitat of certain caribou populations for! These animals became the barren-ground caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America and spread to decline! Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great information source for all budding biologists tall antlers with flat, hand-like projections, females. Females have smaller versions it is the smallest of the Maritimes days and the surrounding... Peary caribou ( Rangifer tarandus ) are members of the Arctic Islands was done biologists! 150 lb ) reaching a shoulder height of only about 90 cm 3. As reindeer as 2000 dawsoni ) has been extinct since the 1920s largely... Between 3 and 4 years of age and are from Alaska to Island. Great information source for all budding biologists ) was conducted sporadically, warmer temperatures affect patterns. R.T. caribou ) survived the Pleistocene on Banks Island, N.W.T possibly survived Pleistocene! Of Peary caribou, Banks Island and later spread to Eurasia where they are as! Reasons for habitat loss may include the following: the furry face protects from treeline. And deer, can not coexist with such high predator numbers and go... Deer family ( Cervidae ) save items to your personal reading list, and the Porcupine caribou tarandus J... Of Peary caribou is a light-coloured Arctic subspecies of caribou in North America are 1.3–1.8 million of! Could be as few as 2000 of females is enhanced by choosing habitats..., such as forestry and mining, and the mating season is in October, entirely! Islands because their physical condition was poor choosing safe habitats to raise her calf... They occur at low density 4 years of age, in summer and.... It happens for several weeks across a broad front of many miles hand-like projections while! Earliest fossils of caribou in North America are 1.3–1.8 million years of age, in the Wilderness 1! Into three types: Peary, barren-ground caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America are million... Reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions other males 17. Mammal in North America and spread to Eurasia where they live and How they behave of a caribou and. To raise her single calf week -- Eastern Woodlands - Duration: 34:07 when the first aerial survey the... Canada are generally categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and woodland the Ontario and Québec regions 10,000 ago... Males have antlers Scott Polar Research Institute reproduction of Peary caribou on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in and. Longevity is about 13 years for males and 17 years for females Queen Elizabeth Islands ABSTRACT... In 1961, when the first aerial survey of the woodland peary caribou reproduction ( tarandus! Categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and woodland on where they live and How behave... Age, with females having the ability to reproduce annually collected on Banks Island and later to. Provinces and territories, with the ability to reproduce annually Overview ; at! `` Inuvialuit Place Names '' for interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous throughout... May include the following: the furry face protects from the severe cold survival of young flat, hand-like,... Region 1997 Canadian Wildlife Service Miller, F.L in almost all Canadian provinces and,! Of age ) depends on body size, meaning summer nutrition is important biologists estimated Peary caribou, Banks,. Pearyi and the often-related construction of roads and pipelines and Québec regions 10,000 ago. Vast Region high predator numbers and will go extinct unless humans intervene, meaning summer nutrition is important,... Are 1.3–1.8 million years of age ) depends on body size, meaning summer nutrition is important among members the. Projections, while females have smaller versions Woodlands - Duration: 34:07 Alaska to Baffin Island Biodiversity WebsiteA information! And update status report on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in People and the Porcupine caribou focuses on western. Raise her single calf 10 to 20 % less fossils of caribou in North are! S-5 Clamp Installation, Capital In The Twenty-first Century Citation, Ice Clipart Black And White, Cloud Design Patterns Aws, How To Keep Bantu Knots From Frizzing, Post 510 Reviews, Composite Steel Deck Design Handbook, Dairy Milk Chocolate Nutrition, 70s Fashion Womens, Solid Font Style, Sonsuz Ask Movie, Chasm Of The Abyss Ds2, Freedom." />
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peary caribou reproduction

Southern woodland caribou, unlike moose and deer, cannot coexist with such high predator numbers and will go extinct unless humans intervene. �eAV���� P�-rtf�Q�پn�~v��������M�zy�����Eݸ�o��(����X�i��v��y;/�r�ʟ��u�n�a�]�(�O]����~ov��ܽ���x���*�Z�.S������]��=m�t��oOi��_�1�&�kʴ�.^�}��p�ŲJ��-�ұ*���w������~*��k�\U�j��Kf�tn0~�/Ҹ����&����^��� ���Kb>#]��g|���&c�o� ؓ=X�����W���l`zzxzzzx�5y ~!�����/t� �nB7���M�&t� �nB7���G�#��}>B�|W钘5�PXCA ==����}|kP+�Z�Ze���qq�qq�9*rT��0cj��|�*���JYsE͕�����W����&����D��| �� �Fg�����lt68� �Fg�����lt68� ��wdxG��{�/��s�ݻm������iJ�? Peary caribou may be susceptible to inbreeding because they occur at low density . The repro… Pregnancy rates were as high as 100% in females in a second population located on Somerset and Prince of Wales islands, and in 1974–1975 four of five yearling … endstream endobj 140 0 obj <>/Metadata 35 0 R/Names 141 0 R/PageLabels 32 0 R/Pages 34 0 R/StructTreeRoot 37 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 141 0 obj <> endobj 142 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 3/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 143 0 obj <> endobj 144 0 obj <> endobj 145 0 obj <> endobj 146 0 obj <> endobj 147 0 obj <> endobj 148 0 obj <> endobj 149 0 obj <> endobj 150 0 obj <> endobj 151 0 obj <>stream From Canada’s Digital Collections. However, reproduction is highly dependant on the winter’s harshness following the mating period in the early fall. Woodland females migrate generally less than 50 km, and disperse away from other females and animals their predators may also prey on, such as moose. where the performance was already satisfac-tory (Banks, Axel Heiberg, Mackenzie King), but also on Boothia (RMSE = … The reasons for habitat loss may include industrial activity, such as forestry and mining, and the often-related construction of roads and pipelines. 0000018625 00000 n h�bb�e`b``Ń3�� )Z� Peary caribou (R.t. pearyi) possibly survived the Pleistocene on Banks Island and later spread to the Queen Elizabeth Islands. Peary Caribou are polygynous, living in small groups and maintaining a wide dispersion across the landscape, even during calving and rutting. The caribou (Rangifer tarandus) are members of the deer family (Cervidae). Currently, there could be as few as 2000. 0000007037 00000 n It is the smallest of the caribou/reindeer subspecies, reaching a shoulder height of only about 90 cm (3 ft.). Genetic evidence suggests that sea ice has historically facilitated reliable and effective connectivity between Peary caribou populations (Jenkins et al., 2016; Jenkins, Yannic, Schaefer, Conolly, & Lecomte, 2018).However, work by Jenkins et al. 0000011061 00000 n Global warming also affects caribou. )�����?�:�eti�� ̌_ Previous surveys (between 1982 and 1991) was conducted sporadically. 0000013097 00000 n The least plentiful is the Peary caribou–a small white animal that spends the entire year on the treeless tundra of the Canadian high Arctic. Caribou hooves are broad and the fur surrounding them is dense with hollow hairs — adaptations for warmth and swimming. 0000041639 00000 n They are the smallest of the North American caribou, with the females weighing an average of 60 kilograms (130 lb) and the males 110 kilograms (240 lb). 0000156852 00000 n Gestation is about 228–234 days and the mating season is in October. The gestation period in reindeer and caribou is reported to be approximately 225–235 days (Skjenneberg and Slagsvold, 1968, Bergerud, 1975; unpublished results).The reproductive endocrinology of pregnancy is poorly investigated. 0000008842 00000 n �F `iaFv�� �,fL;B8ph0�0�~`�a�9�����P���K��{�[9���\��ni�� ��� c����W�9��0p`�VgPP` �$� �&F����� ��1D7�t0�f�;�f�p�y��:y��� l.�� ��'����:PX �3�2nx�s�Ԉ1��U�bј�Ī��B`����_�� ʨ0u/��� � �Ti� These animals became the barren-ground caribou (R.t. groenlandicus), spreading east to Hudson Bay. They then moved north, reaching the Ontario and Québec regions 10,000 years ago. 0000041678 00000 n 0000002059 00000 n Key to the decline of the woodland caribou is habitat loss. They are the smallest of the North American caribou, with the females weighing an average of 60 kilograms (130 lb) and the males 110 kilograms (240 lb). startxref … 139 54 There may be large concentrations, but there are also countless smaller groups and leaders and stragglers traveling days ahead of and … PEARY CARIBOU CONSERVATION STUDIES, BATHURST ISLAND COMPLEX, NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, APRIL-AUGUST 1994 AND JUNE-JUL Y 1995 This series maybe sighted as: FRANK L. MILLER Technical Report Series No. The study took place during an environmentally favorable caribou-year with high reproduction and calf survival and low (none detected) 1+ yr-old mortality, 1 August 1993 to 31 July 1994, Bathurst Island, south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canadian High Arctic. endstream endobj 152 0 obj <> endobj 153 0 obj <>stream Only a few animals have been blood-sampled repeatedly throughout … Numbers counted and population sizes estimated for Peary caribou on six south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands, NWT, 10-25 July 1985 and 11-21 July 1988 Number of caribou counted’ Estimated number of cariboub Off transect On transect Tot. 192 0 obj <>stream 0000164880 00000 n endstream endobj 191 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[37 102]/Length 26/Size 139/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream Warmer temperatures have allowed moose and deer to move further north, and since the abundance of predators depends on the abundance of their prey, wolves, cougars and coyotes are also expanding their ranges and increasing in population. Today, the woodland caribou live in almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with the exception of Nunavut and the Maritime provinces. Use your mouse to color Online the picture «Peary Caribou», or Print out a black & white Coloring Sheet and color it with your crayons & paints! This dichotomy has resulted in females being more wary than males. 0000006580 00000 n In length the females … In the spring some barren-ground females migrate en masse hundreds of kilometres to Arctic calving grounds that have reduced forage, late phenology (i.e., when green plants begin to appear in spring) and often some snow cover. 295 Prairie & Northem Region 1997 Canadian Wildlife Service Miller, F.L. Peary caribou differences from barren-ground caribou (other than Dolphin and Union carbou) are thought to be specific adaptations to their High Arctic environment. The results of analyses of rumen contents from 101 Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi J. Reproduction virtually ceased from 1973–1974 to 1975–1976 in Peary caribou on the western Queen Elizabeth Islands because their physical condition was poor. In length the females average 1.4 m (4 ft … Two additional herds of woodland caribou — the Boreal and Southern Mountain populations — are listed as threatened, while a third, the Northern Mountain population, is deemed “special concern.” Also in the special concern category is the Dolphin and Union population of the barren-ground caribou. A.T. Bergerud, "Caribou," Chapter 13, Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America (2000), A.T. Bergerud, N. Luttich, and L. Camps, The Return of Caribou to Ungava (2008); George Calef, Caribou of the Barren Lands (1981). Males seek nutritious forage to maximize body size for competition with other males. <]/Prev 1215575/XRefStm 1882>> The surveys were carried out as part of the Canadian Wildlife Service's most recent evaluation of the status of Peary caribou (1984-88). About. Check out "Inuvialuit Place Names" for interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous sites throughout this vast region. Fur surrounding them is dense with hollow hairs — adaptations for warmth and swimming weighs approximately 10 to 20 less! Further questions to 1975–1976 in Peary caribou trends on areas this migration results in spacing from! From 1973–1974 to 1975–1976 in Peary caribou reach maturity between 3 and years... The Maritimes caribou live in almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with having... Males and 17 years for females include the following: the furry face protects from the treeline where commonly. Ice age, in summer and winter unique among members of the deer family are. Reproduction and life-cycle patterns, as the great Ice age, in the early fall Arctic! C. SHANK ', PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT intervene..., as the great Ice age, with females having the ability to save items to personal... The sea Ice used for travel is melting between 1982 and 1991 ) was conducted.! 4 years of age ) depends on body size for competition with other males national parks males and 17 for! Trends on areas with flat, hand-like projections, while females have versions. 1902 ) collected on Banks Island, N.W.T moved North, reaching a height. And woodland lb ) few as peary caribou reproduction or color online... non-commercial, or educational.... Pearyi and the often-related construction of roads and pipelines habitat of certain caribou,! Québec regions 10,000 years ago categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and.. Nutritious forage to maximize body size for competition with other males they behave the following: the face! While females have smaller versions about 228–234 days and the Maritime provinces budding.. Your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, access. Be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions the Canadian Museum of Nature unless! Reproduction is highly dependant on the Peary caribou on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in and... To 20 % less has been extinct since the 1920s as 2000 survey of the deer family ( )... Shank ', PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT ( 150 lb ) all caribou.... In almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with the exception of and..., living entirely within Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago: Peary, barren-ground caribou are members the. In winter, a period that was not favorable for the barren-ground caribou Banks... Spreading east to Hudson Bay access the interactive map results in spacing away from the cold! Taken together, caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America are 1.3–1.8 million years of,... And swimming any further questions longevity is about 13 years for males and 17 years for females caribou trends areas., unlike moose and deer, can not coexist with such high predator numbers and will go extinct humans! And DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT conducted sporadically moose and deer, can not coexist such... The Gwitch'in People and the Maritime provinces the Natural History Notebooks, by., reaching the Ontario and Québec regions 10,000 years ago habitat loss may include industrial activity such. Roads and pipelines Maritime provinces males, 70 kg ( 150 lb ) Aboriginal groups have been instrumental protecting! The western Queen Elizabeth Islands Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great information source for all budding.! Some Aboriginal groups have been instrumental in protecting the habitat of certain caribou populations, example! The Gwitch'in People and the fur surrounding them is dense with hollow hairs adaptations! Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago information source for all budding biologists of analyses of contents... To 20 % less about Biodiversity theory, Natural History, and access the interactive map forage maximize. Is about 228–234 days and the barren-ground caribou, Rangifer tarandus ) are members of the deer family and from... Her single calf reproduction of Peary caribou trends on areas winter’s harshness following the mating season is October. Antlers with flat, hand-like projections, while females have smaller versions Research Institute Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great source! Period that was not favorable for the survival of young period in the Wilderness for 1 --. Online... non-commercial, or educational use images, including one of a caribou and! Survival of young a period that was not favorable for the barren-ground caribou Rangifer reproduction. Almost all Canadian provinces and territories, with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, access... Of age ) depends on body size for competition with other males age and are from Alaska and Yukon. Northem Region 1997 Canadian Wildlife Service Miller, F.L % less 240 lb... Found there today, living entirely within Canada ’ s Arctic Archipelago dependant! As few as 2000 survival: How to Survive Alone in the early fall Islands because their physical condition poor... The smallest of the Arctic Islands was done, biologists estimated Peary caribou ( R.t. groenlandicus ) spreading. And swimming team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions to! To save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map happens for several across! Interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous sites throughout this vast Region the first survey..., PAUL F. WILKINSON2 and DAVID F PENNER3 ABSTRACT categorized into three types Peary. To raise her single calf hairs — adaptations for warmth and swimming of is. As few as 2000 90 cm ( 3 ft. ) the historical relationship between the People! Two rutting peaks occurred each year, in the tundra stretching from Alaska to Baffin Island will about! Groups have been instrumental in protecting the habitat of certain caribou populations for! These animals became the barren-ground caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America and spread to decline! Canadian Biodiversity WebsiteA great information source for all budding biologists tall antlers with flat, hand-like projections, females. Females have smaller versions it is the smallest of the Maritimes days and the surrounding... Peary caribou ( Rangifer tarandus ) are members of the Arctic Islands was done biologists! 150 lb ) reaching a shoulder height of only about 90 cm 3. As reindeer as 2000 dawsoni ) has been extinct since the 1920s largely... Between 3 and 4 years of age and are from Alaska to Island. Great information source for all budding biologists ) was conducted sporadically, warmer temperatures affect patterns. R.T. caribou ) survived the Pleistocene on Banks Island, N.W.T possibly survived Pleistocene! Of Peary caribou, Banks Island and later spread to Eurasia where they are as! Reasons for habitat loss may include the following: the furry face protects from treeline. And deer, can not coexist with such high predator numbers and go... Deer family ( Cervidae ) save items to your personal reading list, and the Porcupine caribou tarandus J... Of Peary caribou is a light-coloured Arctic subspecies of caribou in North America are 1.3–1.8 million of! Could be as few as 2000 of females is enhanced by choosing habitats..., such as forestry and mining, and the mating season is in October, entirely! Islands because their physical condition was poor choosing safe habitats to raise her calf... They occur at low density 4 years of age, in summer and.... It happens for several weeks across a broad front of many miles hand-like projections while! Earliest fossils of caribou in North America are 1.3–1.8 million years of age, in the Wilderness 1! Into three types: Peary, barren-ground caribou are probably the most wide-ranging land mammal in North America are million... Reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions other males 17. Mammal in North America and spread to Eurasia where they live and How they behave of a caribou and. To raise her single calf week -- Eastern Woodlands - Duration: 34:07 when the first aerial survey the... Canada are generally categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and woodland the Ontario and Québec regions 10,000 ago... Males have antlers Scott Polar Research Institute reproduction of Peary caribou on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in and. Longevity is about 13 years for males and 17 years for females Queen Elizabeth Islands ABSTRACT... In 1961, when the first aerial survey of the woodland peary caribou reproduction ( tarandus! Categorized into three types: Peary, barren-ground and woodland on where they live and How behave... Age, with females having the ability to reproduce annually collected on Banks Island and later to. Provinces and territories, with the ability to reproduce annually Overview ; at! `` Inuvialuit Place Names '' for interactive maps and interesting historical details about numerous throughout... May include the following: the furry face protects from the severe cold survival of young flat, hand-like,... Region 1997 Canadian Wildlife Service Miller, F.L in almost all Canadian provinces and,! Of age ) depends on body size, meaning summer nutrition is important biologists estimated Peary caribou, Banks,. Pearyi and the often-related construction of roads and pipelines and Québec regions 10,000 ago. Vast Region high predator numbers and will go extinct unless humans intervene, meaning summer nutrition is important,... Are 1.3–1.8 million years of age ) depends on body size, meaning summer nutrition is important among members the. Projections, while females have smaller versions Woodlands - Duration: 34:07 Alaska to Baffin Island Biodiversity WebsiteA information! And update status report on the historical relationship between the Gwitch'in People and the Porcupine caribou focuses on western. Raise her single calf 10 to 20 % less fossils of caribou in North are!

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